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Towns & Cities in Connecticut

Andover
Ansonia
Ashford
Avon
Barkhamsted
Beacon Falls
Berlin
Bethany
Bethel
Bethlehem
Bloomfield
Bolton
Bozrah
Branford
Bridgeport
Bridgewater
Bristol
Brookfield
Brooklyn
Burlington
Canaan
Canterbury
Canton
Chaplin
Cheshire
Chester
Clinton
Colchester
Colebrook
Columbia
Cornwall
Coventry
Cromwell
Danbury
Darien
Deep River
Derby
Durham
East Granby
East Haddam
East Hampton
East Hartford East Haven
East Lyme
East Windsor
Eastford
Easton
Ellington
Enfield
Essex
Fairfield
Farmington
Franklin
Glastonbury
Goshen
Granby
Greenwich
Griswold
Groton
Guilford
Haddam
Hamden
Hampton
Hartford
Hartland
Harwinton
Hebron
Kent
Killingly
Killingworth
Lebanon
Ledyard
Lisbon
Litchfield
Lyme
Madison
Manchester
Mansfield
Marlborough
Meriden
Middlebury
Middlefield
Middletown
Milford
Monroe
Montville
Morris
Naugatuck
Newington
Newtown
New Britain
New Canaan
New Fairfield
New Hartford
New Haven
New London
New Milford
Norfolk
North Branford
North Canaan
North Haven
North Stonington
Norwalk
Norwich
Old Lyme
Old Saybrook
Orange
Oxford
Plainfield
Plainville
Plymouth
Pomfret
Portland
Preston
Prospect
Putnam
Redding
Ridgefield
Rocky Hill
Roxbury
Salem
Salisbury
Scotland
Seymour
Sharon
Shelton
Sherman
Simsbury
Somers
South Windsor
Southbury
Southington
Sprague
Stafford
Stamford
Sterling
Stonington
Stratford
Suffield
Thomaston
Thompson
Tolland
Torrington
Trumbull
Union
Vernon
Voluntown
Wallingford
Warren
Washington
Waterbury
Waterford
Watertown
West Hartford
West Haven
Westbrook
Weston
Westport
Wethersfield
Willington
Wilton
Winchester
Windham
Windsor
Windsor Locks
Wolcott
Woodbridge
Woodbury
Woodstock

Geography-Climate

Further information: Geology of Connecticut Connecticut is bordered on the south by Long Island Sound , on the west by New York State , on the north by Massachusetts , and on the east by Rhode Island . The state capital is Hartford , and the other major cities include New Haven , New London , Norwich , Stamford , Waterbury , Danbury and Bridgeport . In all, there are a total of 169 incorporated towns in Connecticut. There is an ongoing civic pride and economic competition between Hartford and New Haven, which stems back to the days when the two cities shared the state's capital, and even back to when New Haven and Hartford were two separate colonies.

Bear Mountain, highest peak in Connecticut Highest point in Connecticut on slope of Mount Frissell, as seen from Bear Mountain The highest peak in Connecticut is Bear Mountain in Salisbury in the northwest corner of the state. Once the location of a stone tower, currently a stone plaque alongside the Appalachian Trail identifies the point as "the highest ground in Connecticut, 2,354 feet above the sea"; however, this is wrong on both counts. The current estimate of the height of the summit is only 2,316 feet 706 m); and although it is the highest peak in Connecticut, it is not actually the highest point in the state. That distinction belongs to an anonymous location just east of the point where Connecticut, Massachusetts , and New York meet (42° 3' N; 73° 29' W), on the southern slope of 2,453 foot (747 m) high Mount Frissell , whose peak lies 740 feet (225 m) north in Massachusetts. Only a green metal stake set into a rock ledge marks this, the 2,372 foot (723 m) high top of Connecticut. Connecticut is the only state whose highest point is not also its highest peak. [1]

The Connecticut River cuts through the center of the state, flowing into Long Island Sound, Connecticut's outlet to the Atlantic Ocean .

Further information: List of Connecticut rivers Erroneous inscription at summit of Bear Mountain The state, although small, has regional variations in its landscape and culture from the wealthy estates of Fairfield County's "Gold Coast" to the rolling mountains and horse-farms of the Litchfield Hills of northwestern Connecticut. Connecticut's rural areas and small towns in the northeast and northwest corners of the state contrast sharply with its industrial cities, located along the coastal highways from the New York border to New Haven, then northwards to Hartford, as well as further up the coast near New London. Many towns center around a small park, known as a "green," (like New Haven Green ). Near the green may stand a small white church, a town meeting hall, a tavern and several colonial houses. Forests, rivers, lakes, waterfalls and a sandy shore add to the state's beauty.

The northern boundary of the state with Massachusetts is marked by the distinctive Southwick Jog / Granby Notch , an approximately 2.5 mile (4.0 km) square detour into Connecticut slightly west of the center of the border. Somewhat surprisingly, the actual origin of this anomaly is not absolutely certain, with stories ranging from surveyors who were drunk, attempting to avoid hostile Native Americans, or taking a shortcut up the Connecticut River; Massachusetts residents attempting to avoid Massachusetts' (even then) high taxes for the low taxes of Connecticut; Massachusetts' interest in the resources represented by the Congamond Lakes which lie on the border of the jog; and the need to compensate Massachusetts for an amount of land given to Connecticut due to inaccurate survey work. [2] [3] [4] Perhaps the only suggested reason which can be safely ruled out is that the jog is necessary to prevent Massachusetts from sliding out into the Atlantic Ocean . In any event, the dispute over the border retarded the development of the region, since neither state would invest in even such basic amenities as schools for the area until the dispute had been settled.

The southwestern border of Connecticut, where it abuts New York State, is marked by a panhandle in Fairfield County , containing Greenwich , Stamford , New Canaan , and Darien , housing some of the wealthiest residents in the world. This irregularity in the boundary is the result of territorial disputes in the late 1600s , culminating with New York giving up its claim to this area, whose residents considered themselves part of Connecticut, in exchange for an equivalent area extending northwards from Ridgefield, Connecticut to the Massachusetts border as well as undisputed claim to Rye, New York . [5]

Areas maintained by the National Park Service include: Appalachian National Scenic Trail ; Quinebaug & Shetucket Rivers Valley National Heritage Corridor ; and Weir Farm National Historic Site

 

Regions

Connecticut The state of Connecticut can be said to be sub-divided into eight general regions which generally correspond with the eight counties of the state, though there are differences in the boundaries. Each region boasts varied qualities which distinguish it within the state, and at times there are minor cultural frictions between the regions and their major cultural centers as each competes for tourists, new residents, and internal state pride. Fairfield County's " Gold Coast " and towns west of Waterbury and New Haven, for example, are often derided by residents of the rest of the state as being more similar to New York than to New England . Many of the residents go for years or even decades without ever traveling to other regions of the state, considering themselves more attached to New York City and its suburbs in eastern New York State .

The eight regions of Connecticut are:

Gold Coast

Litchfield Hills

Naugatuck River Valley

Greater New Haven

Greater Hartford

Lower Connecticut River Valley

The Quiet Corner

Southeastern Connecticut

 

Connecticut lies in a Humid Subtropical Climate. Winters are Humid and Cold, with average temperatures of 28°F (-2c) in the southeast and 21°F (-6c) in the northwest in January. Snowfall averages 25-100" (64-254 cm) across the state- higher in the northwest. Summer is hot and very humid across the state, with average highs in New London of 81°F (27c) and 87°F (31c) in Windsor Locks. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months and sometimes reach severe magnitude. Fall months are mild, and bring foliage across the state in October and November.

 

History

Main article: History of Connecticut The name "Connecticut" comes from the Mohegan Indian word "Quinnehtukqut" meaning "Long River Place" or "Beside the Long Tidal River." Connecticut is the fifth of the original thirteen states. The first European in Connecticut was the Dutch explorer Adriaen Block. After he explored this region in 1614 Dutch furtraders sailed up the Connecticut River (Named Versche Rivier by the Dutch)and build a fort near present day Hartford which they called House of Hope ( Dutch : Huys de Hoop). The first English settlers came in 1633. they were Puritans from Massachusetts. Historically important colonial settlements included. Windsor ( 1633 ), Wethersfield (1634), Saybrook (1635), Hartford (1636), New Haven (1638), and New London (1646). Because the dutch were outnumbered by the English settlers, they left their fort in 1654. Its first constitution, the " Fundamental Orders ," was adopted on January 14 , 1639 , while its current constitution , the third for Connecticut, was adopted in 1965 . The traditional abbreviation of the state's name is "Conn." Connecticut's official nickname, adopted in 1959, is "The Constitution State."

According to Webster's New International Dictionary, 1993, a person who is a native or resident of Connecticut is a "Connecticuter". There are numerous other terms coined in print, but not in use, such as: "Connecticotian" - Cotton Mather in 1702. "Connecticutensian" - Samuel Peters in 1781. "Nutmegger" is sometimes used. It is derived from the nickname, the Nutmeg State, based on the practice of the Connecticut peddlers who traveled about selling nutmegs , possibly fake ones as a scam. There is not, however, any nickname that has been officially adopted by the State for its residents. [6]

The western boundaries of Connecticut have been subject to dramatic changes over time. According to a 1650 agreement with the Dutch , the western boundary of Connecticut ran north from the west side of Greenwich Bay "provided the said line come not within 10 miles [16 km] of Hudson River." On the other hand, Connecticut's original Charter in 1662 granted it all the land to the "South Sea," i.e. the Pacific Ocean. This probably added confusion to the early forefathers because the Pacific Ocean is located on the west coast of the United States. Agreements with New York, the " Pennamite Wars " with Pennsylvania over Westmoreland County , followed by Congressional intervention, and the relinquishment and sale of the Western Reserve lands brought the state to its present boundaries.

 

Demographics

Historical populations Census
year Population

1790

237,946

1800

251,002

1810

261,942

1820

275,248

1830

297,675

1840

309,978

1850

370,792

1860

460,147

1870

537,454

1880

622,700

1890

746,258

1900

908,420

1910

1,114,756

1920

1,380,631

1930

1,606,903

1940

1,709,242

1950

2,007,280

1960

2,535,234

1970

3,031,709

1980

3,107,576

1990

3,287,116

2000

3,405,565

Connecticut Population Density Map As of 2005, Connecticut has an estimated population of 3,510,297, which is an increase of 11,331, or 0.3%, from the prior year and an increase of 104,695, or 3.1%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 67,427 people (that is 222,222 births minus 154,795 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 41,718 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 75,991 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 34,273 people.

As of 2004, 11.4% of the population (400,000) was foreign-born, and 10% of the foreign-born in the state were illegal aliens (about 1.1% of the population).

As of 2000, 81.7% of Connecticut residents age 5 and older speak English at home and 8.4% speak Spanish . Italian is the third most spoken language at 1.6%, followed by French at 1.6% and Polish at 1.2%.

 

Race and ancestry

The racial makeup of Connecticut as of 2004:

75.9% White , not of Hispanic ancestry

10.1% Black

3.1% Asian

0.3% Native American

1.3% Two or more races

 

10.6% of the population is Hispanic , a category whose members may belong to any race.

The five largest reported ancestries in the state are: Italian (18.6%), Irish (16.6%), English (10.3%), German (9.9%), and French/French Canadian (9.9%).

Connecticut has a large Italian-American population, although residents of British, Irish, German, and other ancestries are also present, with old-stock Americans being the largest percentage of the population in the eastern part of the state. Italian is the largest ancestry group in five of the state's counties, while the Irish are the largest group in Tolland county, French-Canadians the largest group in Windham county, and old stock New England Yankees are present throughout. Connecticut is the most Italian-American state percentage-wise, just above Rhode Island. Blacks and Hispanics (mostly Puerto Ricans) are numerous in the urban areas of the state. Connecticut also has a sizable Polish American population, with New Britain containing the largest Polish-American population in the state.

6.6% of its population was reported as being under 5 years old, 24.7% under 18 years old, and 13.8% were 65 years of age or older. Females made up approximately 51.6% of the population, with 48.4% male.

 

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of Connecticut are:

Christian – 83% Protestant – 48% Baptist – 10%

Episcopal – 6%

Methodist – 4%

Lutheran – 4%

Congregational / United Church of Christ – 2%

Other Protestant or general Protestant – 22%

 

 

Roman Catholic – 34%

Other Christian – 1%

 

 

Jewish – 3%

Other Religions – 1%

Non-Religious – 13%

 

There is a significant Jewish population in the state, mostly concentrated in the "Gold Coast" towns between Greenwich and New Haven and in the Hartford suburb of West Hartford . New Haven once had a significant Jewish population, but it has mostly moved elsewhere, although there is still a large concentration in the suburban towns west of New Haven and still a number of Kosher restaurants/bakeries and synagogues remaining in the central city. Recent immigration has brought other non-Christian religions to the state, but the numbers of adherents of other religions are still low.

 

Economy

Connecticut welcome sign being fixed as Rell takes office on July 1, 2004 The total gross state product for 2004 was $187 billion. The per capita income for 2005 was $47,819, ranking first among the states [7] . There is, however, a great disparity in incomes through the state; although New Canaan has one of the highest per capita incomes in America, Hartford is one of the ten cities with the lowest per capita incomes in America. This is due to Fairfield County having become a bedroom community for higher-paid New York City workers seeking a less urban lifestyle, as well as the spread of businesses outwards from New York City having reached into southwestern Connecticut, most notably to Stamford . The state did not have an income tax until 1991 , making it an attractive haven for high earners fleeing the heavy taxes of New York State , but putting an enormous burden on Connecticut property tax payers, particularly in the cities with their more extensive municipal services . As a result, the middle class largely fled the urban areas for the suburbs , taking stores and other tax-paying businesses with them, and leaving only the urban poor in the now impoverished Connecticut cities. As evident from the dichotomy in income figures described above, this problem has yet to be successfully solved. Exacerbating this problem, the state has a very high cost of living, due to a combination of expensive real estate, expensive heating for the winters, the need to import much food from warmer states, and the dependence on private automobiles for mobility.

Homes in southwestern Connecticut on the fringes of the New York City metropolitan area are quite expensive, often starting around $500,000. In this region of the state, a three-bedroom home on ¼ acre (1000 m 2 ) might easily run about US$1 million. Although Connecticut has the highest percentage of million-dollar homes in the Northeast (and third in the country), the majority of these homes are located in the western third of the state and in the Hartford suburbs such as Avon, Simsbury and West Hartford.

The agricultural output for the state is nursery stock , eggs , dairy products , cattle , and tobacco . Its industrial outputs are transportation equipment (especially helicopters , aircraft parts, and nuclear submarines ), heavy industrial machinery and electrical equipment, fabricated metal products , chemical and pharmaceutical products, and scientific instruments .

The income tax rate on Connecticut individuals is divided into two tax brackets of 3% and 5%. All wages of a Connecticut resident are subject to the state's income tax, even when the resident works outside of the state. However, in those cases, Connecticut income tax must be withheld only to the extent the Connecticut tax exceeds the amount withheld by the other jurisdiction.

Connecticut levies a 6% state sales tax on the retail sale, lease, or rental of most goods. Some items and services in general are not subject to sales and use taxes unless specifically enumerated as taxable by statute . There are no additional sales taxes imposed by local jurisdictions.

All real and personal property located within the state of Connecticut is taxable unless specifically exempted by statute. All assessments are at 70% of fair market value . The maximum property tax credit is $350 per return and any excess may not be refunded or carried forward. The maximum property tax credit will rise to $400 for tax year 2006. Connecticut does not levy an intangible personal property tax .

 

Transportation

The Connecticut State Capitol in downtown Hartford Transportation in Connecticut is predominantly via highway . Bradley International Airport (BDL) is located in the central part of the state (15 miles (24 km) north of Hartford ). Another large airport, mostly used by corporate executives and those who own private aircraft, is the Oxford Airport in western Connecticut. The airport is located 15 miles (24 km) east of Danbury and 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Waterbury. There is railway service along the coastline from New York City to Boston , including commuter rail service between New Haven and New York and a new commuter service along the river north of New Haven, with spur service running northwards to cities such as Hartford. Bus service is supplied by Connecticut Transit , owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation . In practice, most Connecticut residents find public transportation not fully adequate for all their needs and either own a private vehicle or have access to one.

The glaciers carved valleys in Connecticut running north to south; as a result, many more roadways in the state run north to south than do east to west, mimicking the previous use of the many north-south rivers as transportation. The Interstate highways in the state are I-95 (the Connecticut Turnpike ) running southwest to northeast along the coast, I-84 running southwest to northeast in the center of the state, I-91 running north to south in the center of the state, and I-395 running north to south near the eastern border of the state. The other major interstate traffic arteries in Connecticut are the Merritt Parkway and Wilbur Cross Parkway , which together form Connecticut State Route 15, running from the Hutchinson River Parkway in New York State parallel to I-95 before turning north of New Haven and running parallel to I-91, finally becoming a surface road in Berlin, Connecticut . This road and I-95 were originally toll roads ; they relied on a system of toll plazas at which all traffic would stop and pay an incremental fare, rather than the alternative system of providing drivers a ticket where they entered the highway and charging them when they exited. A series of terrible crashes at these plazas eventually led to abandonment of the entire toll system in 1988, although most of the highway bonds had already been paid off by that time. Other major arteries in the state include State Routes 8 and 25 and U.S. Highway 7 .

I-95 from south of New Haven to the New York border is one of the most congested highways in the United States due to increasing population density, increasing business in the New York area, inadequate capacity and a general increase in American driving. Frequently, the congestion spills over to clog the parallel Merritt Parkway. At rush hours, multiple backups tens of miles long are common, and the daily radio broadcasts of where crashes have completely blocked traffic are a fact of life for commuters in this area. As a result, commuter rail is also heavily crowded, along with parking facilities and traffic at the stations. Funds to relieve the situation, either by enhancing commuter rail, increasing highway capacity, or both, are lacking, and the problem is noted as one hindering further economic development for the state.

See [8] for an in-depth discussion of Connecticut roadways, current, past, and future.

 

Law and government

Hartford has been the sole capital of Connecticut since 1875 . Prior to that, New Haven and Hartford alternated as capitals. Unlike most other states, Connecticut does not have county governments or county seats ; rather, there is only the state government and the governments of the local municipalities. The associated state marshal system, however, is still divided by county. The judicial system is divided, at the trial court level, into judicial districts. The boundaries of the judicial districts largely track county lines, though in some instances a county may have more than one judicial district within it. For example, the Litchfield, Middlesex, New London, Tolland, and Windham judicial districts are co-terminus with the old county lines. On the other hand, there are three judicial districts each within Fairfield County and New Haven County . Hartford County contains two judicial districts. [9] The eight counties are still widely used for purely geographical purposes, such as weather reports . There are 169 incorporated cities and towns across the state. Most cities are coterminous with their namesake towns and have a merged city-town government. The three exceptions are the City of Groton , which is a subsection of the Town of Groton , the City of Winsted in the Town of Winchester , and the City of Milford , which is most, but not all, of the Town of Milford . There are also nine incorporated boroughs , eight of which provide additional services to a section of town. One, Naugatuck , is a consolidated town and borough.

The two U.S. senators representing Connecticut are Christopher J. Dodd (Democrat) and Joseph I. Lieberman (Democrat). Connecticut currently has five representatives in the U.S. House .

Once considered one of the more conservative states in the Northeast, the state now tends to vote Democratic for presidential and congressional elections. Connecticut has given its electoral votes to Democratic presidential candidates in the past four presidential elections. In 2004 election , John Kerry had a comfortable margin of 10 percentage points with 54.3% of Connecticut's popular vote . George W. Bush had only won Litchfield County at a small margin. Connecticut Republicans tend to be more liberal than their counterparts in many other states. The majority of Republican senators voted in favor of the civil unions bill, which passed the General Assembly, and was signed into law in 2005. Christopher Shays , a Republican representing Connecticut in the U.S. House of Representatives , has sided with the Democrats on a range of issues including gun control, abortion, and the environment. Governor M. Jodi Rell and former governors John Rowland and Lowell Weicker have all been considered more liberal than most Republicans. Conversely, some state Democrats tend to be conservative or moderate, Senators Joe Lieberman and Christopher Dodd being the most notable cases.

The supreme executive power is vested in the governor, who heads the executive branch. The current Governor of Connecticut is Her Excellency , M. Jodi Rell (Republican). There are several executive departments responsible for administering the laws of Connecticut: Administrative Services, Agriculture, Children and Families, Correction, Education, Environmental Protection, Higher Education, Information Technology, Insurance, Labor, Military, Motor Vehicles, Public Health, Public Utility, Revenue Services, Social Services, Transportation, Veterans Affairs. In addition to these departments, there are many other independent bureaus, offices and commissions [10] . Historically, from 1639 until the adoption of the 1818 constitution, the governor presided over the General Assembly.

The legislature , referred to as the General Assembly, is a bicameral body consisting of an upper body, the Senate (36 senators); and a lower body, the House of Representatives (151 representatives). Before a bill can be signed into law, it must be passed by a vote of at least two thirds of each house. The governor can veto the bill, but this veto can be overridden by a two-thirds majority in each house. Senators and representatives, all of whom must be at least eighteen years of age, are elected to two-year terms in November on even-numbered years. The Lieutenant Governor presides over the senate, except when absent from the chamber, when the President Pro Tempore presides. The Speaker of the House presides over the House; James A. Amann is the current Speaker of the House of Connecticut. The Democrats currently hold the majority in both houses of the General Assembly.

The highest court of Connecticut's judicial branch is the Supreme Court, headed by the Chief Justice of Connecticut. The Supreme Court is responsible for deciding on the constitutionality of the law or cases as they relate to the law. Its proceedings are similar to that of the United States Supreme Court, with no testimony given by witnesses, and the lawyers of the two sides each present an oral argument no longer than thirty minutes. Following a court proceeding, the court may take several months to arrive at a judgment. The current Chief Justice is William J. Sullivan. Historically, the highest court in Connecticut was the General Assembly, and later, the Upper House, with the Governor having the title "Chief Judge". In 1818, the court became a separate entity, independent of the legislative and executive branches. Below the Supreme Court are the Appellate Court and the Superior Courts.

 

Politics

Presidential elections results Year Republican Democratic 2004

43.95% 693,826

54.31% 857,488

2000

38.44% 561,094

55.91% 816,015

1996

34.69% 483,109

52.83% 735,740

1992

35.78% 578,313

42.21% 682,318

1988

51.98% 750,241

46.87% 676,584

1984

60.73% 890,877

38.83% 569,597

1980

48.16% 677,210

38.52% 541,732

1976

52.06% 719,261

46.90% 647,895

1972

58.57% 810,763

40.13% 555,498

1968

44.32% 556,721

49.48% 621,561

1964

32.09% 390,996

67.81% 826,269

1960

46.27% 565,813

53.73% '657,055

Connecticut is a generally Democratic state, allotting its electoral votes (currently 7) to Democratic candidates in the past four Presidential elections. While Connecticut is the wealthiest state in America per capita, its less affluent urban areas account for the majority of its registered voters; this along with its proximity to New York City and its typically socially-liberal suburban voters have made Connecticut a Democratic bastion in general elections.

Connecticut was more supportive of Republican Presidential candidates in the 1970's and 1980's, voting five straight times from 1972 to 1988 for Republicans Richard Nixon , Gerald Ford Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush . Voters in the state are more supportive of economic conservatives than social conservatives

Republicans are the minority in the state legislature, but they currently hold three of the five congressional seats. As of 2006 , the two Senate seats from Connecticut are held by Democrats Christopher Dodd and Joseph Lieberman . Connecticut's last Republican to serve in the U.S. Senate was Lowell P. Weicker Jr , who was a Senator from 1971-1989 when he was defeated by Joe Lieberman . Weicker was known as a liberal Republican, who served as governor of Connecticut from 1991-1995 as a member of the independent A Connecticut Party . Weicker later supported Howard Dean in 2004 Presidential Election. Before Weicker, the last Republican to represent Connecticut in the Senate was Prescott Bush from 1953-1963. Bush is the father of former president George H.W. Bush and the grandfather of President George W. Bush .

The state's Republican strongholds are rural Litchfield County , the Naugatuck River Valley ,the Farmington Valley and most towns in affluent Fairfield County near the New York State border. While Litchfield County supported George W. Bush in the 2004 Presidential Election , all other counties in Connecticut, including Fairfield County (often referred to as the Gold Coast ) voted for his opponent, Senator John Kerry . The suburban towns of New Canaan and Darien in Fairfield County are considered the most Republican areas in the state, and perhaps one of the most reliably conservative areas in New England , the former being the hometown of conservative activist Ann Coulter . On the contrary, Westport , a wealthy town on the same tier as New Canaan and Darien, is widely known as a liberal place, and one of the most loyally-Democratic towns in Fairfield County. Former first selectwoman of Westport, Diane Farrell, a Democrat, ran for Christopher Shays ' (a longtime incumbent Republican) congressional seat, and lost by only two percentage points in 2004. She is campaigning to face him again in the next congressional election.

Democrats are the majority almost everywhere else, especially in the cities of Hartford (the state capital ), New Haven and Bridgeport , the largest cities in the state. Waterbury is nominally a Democratic city, but tends to favor conservative candidates. More affluent urban areas of the state, such as Norwalk and Stamford also trend towards the left, but have favored moderate Republicans in many elections such as former Governor John Rowland and Congressman Chris Shays .

Connecticut's independent streak is most apparent in its choice for Governor, as the Democrats have failed to win the office since 1986, losing four straight elections to independent Lowell Weicker and Republican John Rowland . Rowland's successor, M. Jodi Rell , is favored to win the 2006 election. Pundits such as Michael Barone speculate that Connecticut voters are hesitant to give one party control of state government after the massive expansion in taxes and spending that occurred in the final years of the William O'Neill administration.

Further information: U.S. presidential election, 2004, in Connecticut

Political corruption

In recent years, Connecticut politics has been plagued by widespread corruption. Several mayors, state legislators, and government employees have been convicted and imprisoned for crimes ranging from bribery to racketeering. In 2004, Governor John G. Rowland , a Republican, was forced to resign when it was discovered he helped steer state contracts to firms that offered him gifts and free vacations. Following his resignation, he plead guilty to corruption charges and served ten months in federal prison. On the more extreme end, former Waterbury, CT Mayor Philip Giordano (R) was stripped of power in 2001 after a corruption investigation had to be cut short when phone taps unexpectedly revealed alleged sexual acts with 8- and 10-year-old minor girls and other possible pedophilia charges. In 2003 , he was convicted and sentenced to 37 years in federal prison. Democrats have been convicted of corruption as well, most notably former Bridgeport Mayor Joe Ganim . The current Mayor of Bridgeport, John Fabrizi admitted to using cocaine while in office, but has stayed on.

Following Rowland's resignation, Connecticut passed a campaign finance reform bill that will ban contributions from lobbyists and state contractors in future campaigns. The measure was praised by Arizona Senator John McCain .

 

Principal cities

Bridgeport

Danbury

Danielson

East Hartford

Hartford

Middletown

Milford

New Haven

New London

 

 

Norwalk

Norwich

Stamford

Stratford

Torrington

Waterbury

West Hartford

Willimantic

 

 

 

25 richest places in Connecticut

Main article: Connecticut locations by per capita income Ranked by per capita income *:

New Canaan, Connecticut $85,459

Darien, Connecticut $77,519

Weston, Connecticut $74,817

Greenwich, Connecticut $74,346

Westport, Connecticut $73,664

Stamford, Connecticut $67,109

Wilton, Connecticut $65,806

Roxbury, Connecticut $56,769

Georgetown, Connecticut $55,029

Easton, Connecticut $53,885

Ridgefield, Connecticut $51,795

Avon, Connecticut $51,706

Groton Long Point, Connecticut $51,066

Redding, Connecticut $50,687

Woodbridge, Connecticut $49,049

Sharon, Connecticut $45,418

Fairfield, Connecticut $43,670

Lyme, Connecticut $43,347

Essex, Connecticut $42,806

Bridgewater, Connecticut $42,505

Cornwall, Connecticut $42,484

Madison Center, Connecticut $42,046

Old Lyme, Connecticut $41,386

Noank, Connecticut $41,355

Glastonbury, Connecticut $40,820

 

 

25 poorest places in Connecticut

(descending order)

Hartford, Connecticut $13,428

Conning Towers-Nautilus Park, Connecticut $14,216

Poquonock Bridge, Connecticut $14,664

Plainfield Village, Connecticut $14,836

East Brooklyn, Connecticut $15,093

Wauregan, Connecticut $15,311

Willimantic, Connecticut $15,727

Danielson, Connecticut $16,042

Bridgeport, Connecticut $16,306

New Haven, Connecticut $16,393

North Grosvenor Dale, Connecticut $16,409

Moosup, Connecticut $16,827

Windham, Connecticut $16,978

Waterbury, Connecticut $17,701

Rockville, Connecticut $17,896

Mansfield, Connecticut $18,094

New Britain, Connecticut $18,404

Bantam, Connecticut $18,442

New London, Connecticut $18,437

Plainfield, Connecticut $18,706

North Canaan, Connecticut $18,971

Jewett City, Connecticut $19,083

Putnam District, Connecticut $19,229

Sterling, Connecticut $19,679

 

Storrs, Connecticut , with an average per capita income of $9,947, is technically the poorest in the state, but this is only because of the high student population at the University of Connecticut , which is factored into the survey.

 

Education

Connecticut is well-known as the home of Yale University , which maintains a consistent ranking as one of the world's greatest and richest universities, and has the most selective undergraduate program of any university in the United States (an 8.6% acceptance rate in 2006). Yale is one of the largest employers in the state, and its research activity has recently spun off dozens of growing biotechnology companies, which have brought in billions of dollars to the economy of New Haven and the State in general.

Connecticut is also the host of many other institutions. Additionally, the State is packed with dozens of prestigious boarding schools, such as Choate, which draw students from all over the world.

Colleges and universities

Asnuntuck Community College

Albertus Magnus College

Briarwood College

Capital Community College

Central Connecticut State University

Charter Oak State College

Connecticut College

Eastern Connecticut State University

Fairfield University

Holy Apostles College and Seminary

Manchester Community College

Mitchell College

Northwest Connecticut Community College

Norwalk Community College

Paier College of Art

Post University

Quinnipiac University

Rensselaer at Hartford

 

 

Sacred Heart University

Saint Joseph College

Southern Connecticut State University

Trinity College

Tunxis Community College

United States Coast Guard Academy

University of Bridgeport

University of Connecticut

University of Hartford

University of New Haven

Wesleyan University

Western Connecticut State University

Yale University

 

 

 

Sports teams

Connecticut Sun of the Women's National Basketball Association

From 1979 to 1997, the National Hockey League had a franchise in Hartford, the Hartford Whalers . Their departure to North Carolina caused great controversy and resentment.

 

Minor League Hockey Teams:

Bridgeport Sound Tigers of the American Hockey League

Hartford Wolf Pack of the American Hockey League

 

(The Danbury Trashers of the United Hockey League have been dissolved by the league after their owner, James Galante was arrested in June 2006 on accusations that he was running a mob-related scheme to control trash hauling prices and was paying hockey team employees under the table and against league rules.)

Minor League Baseball Teams:

Connecticut Defenders Double-A Affiliate of the San Francisco Giants

New Britain Rock Cats Double-A Affiliate of the Minnesota Twins

 

Both of the Eastern League

Independent League Baseball Teams:

Bridgeport Bluefish of the Atlantic League

Manchester Silkworms of the New England Collegiate Baseball League

New Haven County Cutters of the Canadian-American League

Stamford Robins of the Atlantic Collegiate Baseball League

Torrington Twisters of the New England Collegiate Baseball League

 

Professional Cycling Teams:

Team Nerac.com presented by OutdoorLights.com

 

The Connecticut Interscholastic Athletic Conference (CIAC) is the state's sanctioning body for high school sports. Xavier High School (Middletown, CT) claimed the 2005 Class LL football championship. Other state champions in football include Staples (in Westport), Branford, Daniel Hand (in Madison), Woodland Regional (in Beacon Falls), and Hyde Leadership (in Hamden).

 

Famous residents

Kevin Bacon , actor, maintains a residence in Sharon, Connecticut .

Chris Berman , ESPN sportscaster lives in Cheshire, Connecticut

William F. Buckley, Jr. , founder of National Review , lives in Stamford, Connecticut

Chris Carrabba , member of indie rock band Dashboard Confessional went to primary and secondary school in West Hartford, Connecticut .

Rivers Cuomo , lead singer of Weezer , attended high school in Storrs, Connecticut

Phil Donahue , former talk show host who lives in Westport, Connecticut

50 Cent , rapper who maintains a residence in Farmington, Connecticut

Michael J. Fox , actor, maintains a residence in Sharon, Connecticut .

James Greco , CEO of Bruegger's Bagels, lives in Cheshire, Connecticut .

Leona Helmsley , real estate maven who lives in Greenwich, Connecticut

Charles Peter McColough , former Chairman and CEO of the Xerox Corporation , who lives in Belle Haven, Greenwich, Connecticut

Katharine Hepburn , famous actress who died in 2003, lived in Old Saybrook, Connecticut

Jeffery Immelt , CEO of General Electric (GE), lives in New Canaan, Connecticut

Tebucky Jones , who currently plays for the New England Patriots of the NFL , lives in Farmington, Connecticut

Henry Kissinger , former Secretary of State who lives in Kent, Connecticut

Ivan Lendl , former tennis pro who maintains a residence in Litchfield, Connecticut

John Mayer , singer, native of Fairfield, Connecticut

Vince McMahon , Chairman of the WWF/WWE, also lives in Greenwich, Connecticut

Jesse Metcalfe , actor who plays John Tucker in John Tucker Must Die , was raised in Waterford, Connecticut

Ellen Muth , actress who maintains a residence in Milford, Connecticut

Ralph Nader , consumer advocate and former U.S. presidential candidate, native of Winsted, Connecticut

Paul Newman , salad dressing guru and actor who lives in Westport, Connecticut

Pedro Martinez , professional baseball player, ace pitcher for the New York Mets resides in Greenwich, Connecticut

Frank Oz , actor, maintains a residence in Sharon, Connecticut .

Keith Richards , member of The Rolling Stones who lives in Weston, Connecticut

Alex Rodriguez , All-Star Third Baseman for the New York Yankees , has a home in Stamford, Connecticut

Diana Ross , singer, maintains a residence in Belle Haven, Greenwich, Connecticut

Patty Hearst Shaw, heiress of the Hearst media empire who lives in Westport, Connecticut

John Scofield , famous Jazz guitarist, a CT native

Rip Torn , actor, maintains a residence in Lakeville, Connecticut .

The Rock , pro WWE wrestler, went to elementary school at Shepherd Glen in Hamden, Connecticut .

Seth MacFarlane , creator of the FOX animated sitcom Family Guy was born and raised in Kent, Connecticut .

Kyra Sedgwick , actress, maintains a residence in Sharon, Connecticut .

Sam Waterston , actor in Law & Order , maintains a residence in Salisbury, Connecticut .

Gene Wilder , actor and comedian, is a current resident of Stamford, Connecticut

Bruce Willis , actor in several movies, has a home in Bethel, Connecticut

Jack Welch , former head of General Electric lives in Fairfield, Connecticut

Cassie , singer with hit Me & U, was born and raised in New London, Connecticut

Chris Browne , who draws the comic strip " Hagar The Horrible ", went to school in Wilton, Connecticut

Barry Levinson , director, producer, and writer of many movies like " Rain Man ", owns a house in Redding, Connecticut

Rip Hamilton , plays for Detroit Pistons, went to UCONN-

Katherine Heigl , actress on hit tv series " Grey's Anatomy ", was born and raised in New Canaan, Connecticut

Brian Dennehy , actor in many movies, has a home in Woodstock, Connecticut

Meg Ryan actress in When Harry Met Sally grew up in Bethel, Connecticut

 

 

Trivia

Connecticut is the southernmost state in New England and the wealthiest state in the country per capita as well as the third smallest state in landmass. It was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution .

Due to the prominence of the aircraft industry in Connecticut in the mid-Twentieth Century, Connecticut has an official state aircraft, the F4U Corsair , and an official Connecticut Aviation Pioneer, Igor Sikorsky . In addition, the state legislature officially recognizes the claim of aircraft designer Gustav Whitehead to have had the world's first successful powered aircraft flight in Bridgeport, Connecticut , two years before the Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk .

Connecticut is known officially as the Constitution State based on its colonial constitution of 1638-39. Unofficially (but popularly) Connecticut is also known as the Nutmeg State. The nutmeg connection to Connecticut may come from its sailors returning from voyages with nutmeg (which in the 18th and 19th centuries was a very valuable spice in New England). It is also said to come from Yankee peddlers from Connecticut who would sell small carved nobs of wood shaped to look like nutmeg to unsuspecting customers. [11]

President George W. Bush was born in New Haven, Connecticut and lived there for a short time before moving to Texas .

FULL CARE HORSE BOARDING:
  • freshly crimped oats twice/day
  • coastal hay
  • daily stall cleaning with clean wood shavings
  • daily turnouts (weather permitting)
  • free trailer parking
  • lighted indoor riding arena
  • outdoor round pen
  • 4-horse walker
OPTIONAL HORSE BOARDING SERVICES:
  • winter blanketing
  • stall fan
  • heat lamp
  • additional oats and/or hay
  • feed supplements
  • additional shavings
  • administration of medicine, (nonintravenous)
  • private paddocks
  • evening turnout

Willow Creek Farm
Willow Creek Farm "Renovated facility! Over 106 acres, 43 stall barn and indoor, 2 outdoor rings, cross country course. Offering boarding, training, instruction, summer programs, and horses for sale or lease." Amie Kersey Mgr 522 North Georges Hill Road Southbury, CT 06488 Tel: (203)262-9339 Email: amie@willowcreekct.com Website: willowcreekct.com

New Britain, Connecticut

Meadow View Horse Farm
FULL BOARD in Granby, CT at beautiful country facility on a quiet deadend road. 10 stalls, all day turnout with shelter, pasture in season, round pen, outdoor arena, miles of trails

Hartford, Connecticut

Movado Farm, Inc
Movado Farm is a full service Hunter/Jumper facility that caters to your horses individual needs.Located in the quaint town of Durham, we provide daily turnout, banked stalls, outdoor ring with show quality jumps, heated indoor and lounge. The owners live on the farm.

Middletown, Connecticut

McAllister's Rolling M Ranch Southbury, Ct
Ranch is a friendly family atmosphere for boarding and training. Full board with turnout riding ring walker roundpen pastures to ride in. Close to state bridle trail. phone number to contact (203)910-7391 cell or (203)264-5151 Ranch is located in Southbury,Ct.

This horse farm and stable services: Waterbury, Connecticut

Bolton Stables
Quiet Barn in Northeast CT specializing in the highly sensitive Equine. Offering regular board or training board. Matted stalls with run-outs, heated water buckets, all day turn-out, hay fed 4 times daily, lit roundpen and outdoor ring, miles of trails nearby. Owner on premises. Board includes high quality feed (Nutrena), multiple hay feedings, maintenance and shavings.
Hidden Bridge Farm
An adult training and boarding facility for classical dressage. Care and diet are individualized to meet the personal needs of your horse. Train with Carol Popp, certified classical dressage trainer and test administrator by the Classical Dressage Riders' Association, USDF Bronze and Silver medal winner and winner and trainer of over 80 national USDF championships. Learn Austrian work in hand, long lining and classical methods in a fun environment. Carol works with all breeds.

Danbury, Connecticut

Emerald City Farm in Harwinton
A boutique farm with individual turn out, a heated indoor and huge outdoor rings, trails, hot and cold water, wash stalls and staff on site 24 hours a day. ARICP certified trainers, managers and instructors care for each horse individually.

Torrington, Connecticut

Rosehaven Stables, LLC
Equine Boarding & Riding Facility featuring Indoor and Outdoor Riding areas. 14 Stall property set on 9.5 acres in Central CT. Lessons, Leasing, Parties, Seminars, Pony Rides and much more.......

Meriden, Connecticut