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Louisville, Kentucky
A
Adairville
Albany
Alexandria
Allen
Anchorage
Arlington
Ashland
Auburn
Audubon Park
Augusta

B
Bancroft
Barbourmeade
Barbourville
Bardstown
Bardwell
Barlow
Beattyville
Beaver Dam
Bedford
Beechwood Village
Bellefonte
Bellemeade
Bellevue
Bellewood
Benham
Benton
Berea
Berry
Blackey
Blaine
Bloomfield
Blue Ridge Manor
Bonnieville
Booneville
Bowling Green
Bradfordsville
Brandenburg
Bremen
Briarwood
Brodhead
Broeck Pointe
Bromley
Brooksville
Brownsboro Farm
Brownsboro Village
Brownsville
Buckhorn
Burgin
Burkesville
Burnside
Butler

C
Cadiz
Calhoun
California
Calvert City
Camargo
Cambridge
Campbellsburg
Campbellsville
Campton
Caneyville
Carlisle
Carrollton
Carrsville
Catlettsburg
Cave City
Centertown
Central City
Clarkson
Clay
Clay City
Clinton
Cloverport
Coal Run Village
Cold Spring
Coldstream
Columbia
Columbus
Concord
Corbin
Corinth
Corydon
Covington
Crab Orchard
Creekside
Crescent Springs
Crestview
Crestview Hills
Crestwood
Crittenden
Crofton
Crossgate
Cumberland
Cynthiana

D
Danville
Dawson Springs
Dayton
Dixon
Douglass Hills
Dover
Drakesboro
Druid Hills
Dry Ridge

E
Earlington
Eddyville
Edgewood
Edmonton
Ekron
Elizabethtown
Elkhorn City
Elkton
Elsmere
Eminence
Erlanger
Eubank
Evarts
Ewing

F
Fairfield
Fairview
Falmouth
Ferguson
Fincastle
Flatwoods
Fleming-Neon
Flemingsburg
Florence
Fordsville
Forest Hills
Fort Mitchell
Fort Thomas
Fort Wright
Fountain Run
Fox Chase
Frankfort
Franklin
Fredonia
Frenchburg
Fulton

G
Gamaliel
Georgetown
Germantown
Ghent
Glasgow
Glencoe
Glenview
Glenview Hills
Glenview Manor
Goose Creek
Goshen
Grand Rivers
Gratz
Graymoor-Devondale
Grayson
Greensburg
Green Spring
Greenup
Greenville
Guthrie

H
Hanson
Hardin
Hardinsburg
Harlan
Harrodsburg
Hartford
Hawesville
Hazard
Hazel
Hebron Estates
Henderson
Hickman
Hickory Hill
Highland Heights
Hills and Dales
Hillview
Hindman
Hiseville
Hodgenville
Hollow Creek
Hollyvilla
Hopkinsville
Horse Cave
Houston Acres
Hunters Hollow
Hurstbourne
Hurstbourne Acres
Hustonville
Hyden

I
Independence
Indian Hills
Inez
Irvine
Irvington
Island

J
Jackson
Jamestown
Jeffersontown
Jeffersonville
Jenkins
Junction City

K
Kenton Vale
Kevil
Kingsley
Kuttawa

L
La Center
LaFayette
La Grange
Lakeside Park
Lakeview Heights
Lancaster
Langdon Place
Latonia Lakes
Lawrenceburg
Lebanon
Lebanon Junction
Leitchfield
Lewisburg
Lewisport
Lexington
Liberty
Lincolnshire
Livermore
Livingston
London
Lone Oak
Loretto
Louisa
Louisville
Loyall
Ludlow
Lynch
Lyndon
Lynnview

M
McHenry
McKee
Mackville
Madisonville
Manchester
Manor Creek
Marion
Martin
Maryhill Estates
Mayfield
Maysville
Meadowbrook Farm
Meadow Vale
Meadowview Estates
Melbourne
Mentor
Middlesborough
Middletown
Midway
Millersburg
Milton
Minor Lane Heights
Mockingbird Valley
Monterey
Monticello
Moorland
Morehead
Morganfield
Morgantown
Mortons Gap
Mount Olivet
Mount Sterling
Mount Vernon
Mount Washington
Muldraugh
Munfordville
Murray
Murray Hill

N
Nebo
New Castle
New Haven
Newport
Nicholasville
Norbourne Estates
Northfield
North Middletown
Nortonville
Norwood

O
Oak Grove
Oakland
Old Brownsboro Place
Olive Hill
Orchard Grass Hills
Owensboro
Owenton
Owingsville

P
Paducah
Paintsville
Paris
Park City
Park Hills
Park Lake
Parkway Village
Pembroke
Perryville
Pewee Valley
Pikeville
Pineville
Pioneer Village
Pippa Passes
Plantation
Pleasureville
Plum Springs
Poplar Hills
Powderly
Prestonsburg
Prestonville
Princeton
Prospect
Providence

R
Raceland
Radcliff
Ravenna
Raywick
Richlawn
Richmond
River Bluff
Riverwood
Robards
Rochester
Rockport
Rolling Fields
Rolling Hills
Rowletts
Russell
Russell Springs
Russellville
Ryland Heights

S
Sacramento
Sadieville
St. Charles
St. Matthews
St. Regis Park
Salem
Salt Lick
Salyersville
Sanders
Sandy Hook
Sardis
Science Hill
Scottsville
Sebree
Seneca Gardens
Sharpsburg
Shelbyville
Shepherdsville
Shively
Silver Grove
Simpsonville
Slaughters
Smithfield
Smithland
Smiths Grove
Somerset
Sonora
South Carrollton
Southgate
South Park View
South Shore
Sparta
Springfield
Spring Mill
Spring Valley
Stamping Ground
Stanford
Stanton
Strathmoor Manor
Strathmoor Village
Sturgis
Sycamore

T
Taylor Mill
Taylorsville
Ten Broeck
Thornhill
Tompkinsville
Trenton

U
Union
Uniontown
Upton

V
Vanceburg
Versailles
Vicco
Villa Hills
Vine Grove

W
Wallins Creek
Walton
Warfield
Warsaw
Water Valley
Watterson Park
Waverly
Wayland
Wellington
West Buechel
West Liberty
West Point
Westwood
Wheatcroft
Wheelwright
White Plains
Whitesburg
Whitesville
Wickliffe
Wilder
Wildwood
Williamsburg
Williamstown
Willisburg
Wilmore
Winchester
Windy Hills
Wingo
Woodburn
Woodbury
Woodland Hills
Woodlawn
Woodlawn Park
Worthington
Worthington Hills
Worthville
Wurtland

The Commonwealth of Kentucky is a U.S. state located in the Southern United States , although it is sometimes included, geographically, in the Midwest . In 1792, it became the fifteenth state to join the Union. Kentucky is known as the "Bluegrass State", a nickname based on the fact that bluegrass is present in many of the lawns and pastures throughout the state. Kentucky is well known for thoroughbred horses , horse racing , local bourbon whisky distilleries, bluegrass music , coal and college basketball .

Contents

[ hide ] 1 Geography 1.1 Significant natural attractions

 

 

2 History

3 Demographics 3.1 Religion

 

 

4 Economy 4.1 "Unbridled Spirit"

 

 

5 Transportation

6 Law and government 6.1 Politics

6.2 Representation

 

 

7 Important cities and towns 7.1 15 largest Kentucky cities, 2010 Projected

7.2 15 most populated counties, 2010 Projected

 

 

8 Education 8.1 Colleges and universities 8.1.1 Private

8.1.2 Public

 

 

8.2 Community colleges

8.3 See also

 

 

9 Sports 9.1 College Sports

9.2 Professional sports teams

9.3 Minor league baseball

9.4 Football

9.5 Basketball

 

 

10 Miscellaneous topics 10.1 Cuisine

10.2 Origin of name

10.3 State symbols

10.4 Interesting facts about Kentucky

 

 

11 See also

12 References 12.1 Politics

12.2 History 12.2.1 Surveys and reference

12.2.2 Specialized scholarly studies

 

 

 

 

13

 

 

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Geography

See also: List of Kentucky counties Kentucky Kentucky borders states of both the Midwest and the Southeast . West Virginia and Virginia lie to the east; Tennessee to the south; Missouri to the west; and Illinois , Indiana , and Ohio to the north.

The Commonwealth 's northern border is formed by the Ohio River , and the western border is formed by the Mississippi River . Other major rivers in Kentucky include the Kentucky River , Tennessee River , the Cumberland River , the Green River , and the Licking River .

Kentucky can be divided into five primary regions: the Cumberland Plateau in the east, the north-central Bluegrass region , the south-central and western Pennyroyal Plateau , the Western Coal Fields and the far-west Jackson Purchase .

Kentucky is the only U.S. state to have non-contiguous parts exist as an enclave of other states. Far western Kentucky includes a small part of land, Kentucky Bend , on the Mississippi River bordered by Missouri and accessible via Tennessee, created by the New Madrid Earthquake . Also there is a section of Kentucky across the Ohio connected to Indiana near Evansville .

Rural Bluegrass scene The Bluegrass region is commonly divided into two regions, the Inner Bluegrass—the encircling 90 miles (145 km) around Lexington —and the Outer Bluegrass, the region that contains most of the Northern portion of the state, above the Knobs . Much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short, steep, and very narrow hills.

 

Significant natural attractions

Cumberland Gap , chief passageway through the Appalachian Mountains in early American history.

Cumberland Falls State Park, where a " moon-bow ", the only such phenomenon in the Western Hemisphere, may be seen in the mists of the falls.

Mammoth Cave National Park , featuring tours of the world's longest cave.

Red River Gorge Geological Area, part of the Daniel Boone National Forest .

Land Between the Lakes , a National Recreation Area managed by the United States Forest Service .

Bernheim Forest a 14,000 acre (57 km²) arboretum, forest and nature preserve located in Clermont .

Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in Hodgenville .

Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area near Whitley City .

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail also passes through Kentucky.

Black Mountain , state's highest point. Runs along the border of Harlan and Letcher counties.

Bad Branch Falls State Nature Preserve , 2,639-acre state nature preserve on southern slope of Pine Mountain in Letcher County . Includes one of the largest concentrations of rare and endangered species in the state, as well as a 60-foot waterfall and a Kentucky Wild River.

Jefferson Memorial Forest , located south of Louisville in the Knobs region , the largest municipally run forest in the United States .

Green River State Park , located in Taylor County .

 

 

History

Main article: History of Kentucky See also: Kentucky in the Civil War Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers through the Cumberland Gap ( George Caleb Bingham , oil on canvas, 1851–52) Although inhabited by Native Americans in prehistoric times, when explorers and settlers began entering Kentucky in the mid-1700s, there were no permanent Native American settlements in the region. Instead, the country was used as hunting grounds by Shawnees from the north and Cherokees from the south. Much of what is now Kentucky was purchased from Native Americans in the treaties of Fort Stanwix (1768) and Sycamore Shoals (1775). Thereafter, Kentucky grew rapidly as the first settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains were founded, with settlers (primarily from Virginia, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania) entering the region via the Cumberland Gap and the Ohio River . The most famous of these early explorers and settlers was Daniel Boone , traditionally considered one of the founders of the state. Shawnees north of the Ohio River, however, were unhappy about the settlement of Kentucky, and allied themselves with the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). Kentucky was a battleground during the war; the Battle of Blue Licks , one of the last major battles of the Revolution, was fought in Kentucky.

After the American Revolution, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County . Eventually, the residents of Kentucky County petitioned for a separation from Virginia. Ten constitutional conventions were held in the Constitution Square Courthouse in Danville between 1784 and 1792. In 1790, Kentucky's delegates accepted Virginia's terms of separation, and a state constitution was drafted at the final convention in April 1792. On June 1 , 1792 , Kentucky became the fifteenth state to be admitted to the union and Isaac Shelby , a military veteran from Virginia, was elected the first Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

Both Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis were born in Kentucky. While remaining loyal to the Union , Kentucky was a border state during the American Civil War . The state did not secede, and was officially neutral until a new legislature took office on August 5 , 1861 with strong Union sympathies. The majority of the Commonwealth's citizens also had strong Union sympathies. On September 4, 1861, Confederate General Leonidas Polk broke Kentucky's neutrality by invading Columbus, Kentucky . As a result of the Confederate invasion, Union General Ulysses S. Grant entered Paducah, Kentucky . On September 7 , 1861 , the Kentucky State Legislature, angered by the Confederate invasion, ordered the Union flag to be raised over the state capitol in Frankfort , declaring its allegiance with the Union. In November of 1861, during the Russellville Convention , Southern sympathizers attempted to establish an alternative state government with the goal of secession but failed to displace the legitimate government in Frankfort. On August 13 , 1862 , Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith 's Army of East Tennessee invaded Kentucky and on August 28 , 1862 , Confederate General Braxton Bragg 's Army of Mississippi entered Kentucky beginning the Kentucky Campaign. Bragg's retreat following the Battle of Perryville left the state under the control of the Union Army for the remainder of the war.

On January 30 , 1900 , Governor William Goebel was mortally wounded by an assailant while in the process of contesting the election of 1899, initially assumed to be won by William S. Taylor . For several months, J. C. W. Beckham , Goebel's running mate, and Taylor fought over who was the real governor until the U.S. Supreme Court decided in May that Beckham was the rightful governor. Taylor fled to Indiana and was later indicted as a co-conspirator in Goebel's assassination .

This section is a stub . You can help by adding to it .

Demographics

Historical populations Census
year Population

1790

73,677

1800

220,955

1810

406,511

1820

564,317

1830

687,917

1840

779,828

1850

982,405

1860

1,155,684

1870

1,321,011

1880

1,648,690

1890

1,858,635

1900

2,147,174

1910

2,289,905

1920

2,416,630

1930

2,614,589

1940

2,845,627

1950

2,944,806

1960

3,038,156

1970

3,218,706

1980

3,660,777

1990

3,685,296

2000

4,041,769

Kentucky Population Density Map As of 2005, Kentucky has an estimated population of 4,173,405, which is an increase of 31,570, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 131,120, or 3.2%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 77,156 people (that is 287,222 births minus 210,066 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 59,604 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 27,435 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 32,169 people.

As of 2004, Kentucky's population included about 95,000 foreign-born (2.3%).

In racial and ethnic terms, the population is: [1]

90.4% White

7.5% Black

0.2% Native American

0.9% Asian

0.0% Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander

1.0% Mixed race

 

The Hispanics of any races number 1.9% of the population.

The five largest ancestries in the commonwealth are: American (20.9%), German (12.7%), Irish (10.5%), English (9.7%), African American (7.3%).

Blacks, who made up one-fourth of Kentucky's population prior to the American Civil War , declined in number as many moved to the industrial North in the Great Migration . Today they are mostly concentrated in the southwest (notably Christian County and the city of Paducah), the Bluegrass, and the cities of Louisville and Lexington. "American ancestry" is the largest reported ancestry group throughout most of the commonwealth in the Census and most of these people are of British or Scotch-Irish descent.

 

Religion

Religiously, Kentucky is mostly Protestant . The religious affiliations of the state are as follows:

Baptist – 35%

Other General or non affiliated Protestant – 19%

Roman Catholic – 15%

Methodist – 5%

Pentecostal – 4%

Church of Christ – 3%

Lutheran – 2%

Presbyterian – 2%

Other Christian – 1%

Jewish 0.01%

Other Religions – <1%

Non-religious – 14%

 

Religious movements were important in the early history of Kentucky. Perhaps the most famous event was the interdenominational revival in August 1801 at the Cane Ridge Meeting house in Bourbon County. As part of what is now known as the "Western Revival", thousands began meeting around a Presbyterian communion service on August 6, 1801, and ended six days later on August 12, 1801 when both humans and horses ran out of food. The service was originally scheduled for August 8, but people began arriving two days earlier on a rainy August 6. The meeting was hosted by Barton Stone. Presbyterians, Methodists and some Baptists were present, as the services attempted to be interdenominational as possible. As the days wore on, some counted as many as seven preachers preaching at the same time from tree stumps or wagons.

 

Economy

The total gross state product for 2003 was US$129 billion. Its per-capita personal income was US$26,575, 41st in the nation. Kentucky's agricultural outputs are horses, cattle, tobacco, dairy products, hogs, soybeans, and corn. Its industrial outputs are transportation equipment, chemical products, electric equipment, machinery, food processing, tobacco products, coal, and tourism.

There are 5 income tax brackets, ranging from 2 percent to 6 percent of personal income. The sales tax rate in Kentucky is 6 percent. Kentucky has a broadly based classified property tax system. All classes of property, unless exempted by the Constitution, are taxed by the state, although at widely varying rates. And many of these classes are exempted from taxation by local government. Of the classes that are subject to local taxation, three have special rates set by the General Assembly, one by the Kentucky Supreme Court and the remaining classes are subject to the full local rate, which includes the tax rate set by the local taxing bodies plus all voted levies. Real property is assessed on 100 percent of the fair market value and property taxes are due by Dec. 31. Once the primary source of state and local government revenue, property taxes now account for only about 6 percent of the Kentucky's annual General Fund revenues.

Kentucky imposes a tax on intangible personal property held by a taxpayer on Jan. 1 of each year. Intangible property consists of any property or investment which represents evidence of value or the right to value. Some types of intangible property include: money market accounts, bonds, notes, retail repurchase agreements, accounts receivable, trusts, enforceable contracts sale of real estate (land contracts), money in hand, money in safe deposit boxes, annuities, interests in estates, loans to stockholders, and commercial paper.

Historically, a major problem with Kentucky's economy has been that fact that outside the Ohio River towns and Lexington , most rural counties never developed a widespread and localized industrial economy; meaning that up until World War II most families still depended on subsistence farming for survival. This is also the reason that most rural counties have only one sizeable town and still have median household incomes that are often half the U.S. national average.

 

"Unbridled Spirit"

To "boost Kentucky's image, make it consistent through all the ways we reach people, and help Kentucky stand out from the crowd" the Fletcher administration launched a comprehensive branding campaign with the hope of making its $12 - $14 million advertising budget more effective. The "Unbridled Spirit" brand was the result of a $500,000 contract with New West, a Kentucky-based public relations, advertising and marketing firm to develop a viable brand and tagline. The administration has been aggressively marketing the brand in both the public and private sectors. The "Welcome to Kentucky" signs at border areas have Unbridled Spirit's symbol on them. [2]

This section is a stub . You can help by adding to it .

Transportation

Major U.S. interstate highways servicing Kentucky include: I-24 , I-65 , I-64 , I-71 , I-75 , I-264 , I-265 and I-471 .

Kentucky and Missouri are the only two states to share a boundary with no road directly connecting the two states. This is a result of the multiplexing of US Highways 51, 60, and 62 crossing the Ohio River between Illinois and Kentucky, and the multiplexing of US Highways 60 and 62 crossing the Mississippi River between Illinois and Missouri, rather than US Highways 60 and 62 crossing the Mississippi River directly from Kentucky to Missouri.

This section is a stub . You can help by adding to it .

Law and government

Currently Kentucky's governor, Ernie Fletcher , both US Senators, Jim Bunning and Mitch McConnell , and five of its six US Congressman are members of the Republican Party . The Kentucky Constitution provides for three "departments" of government: legislative, judicial, and executive. Kentucky's General Assembly has two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives . The executive branch is headed by the Governor . See List of Kentucky Governors . The judicial branch of Kentucky is made up of trial courts, called District and Circuit Courts; an intermediate appellate court, called the Kentucky Court of Appeals ; and a court of last resort, the Kentucky Supreme Court . The Attorney General is Greg Stumbo .

 

Politics

Historically, Kentucky has been very hard fought and leaned slightly towards the Democratic Party. It was never included among the "Solid South," 59% of the state's voters are officially registered as Democrats, although that majority has slimmed substantially in recent election cycles. Kentucky has voted Republican in five of the last seven presidential elections but has supported the Democratic candidates of the South. The Commonwealth supported Democrats Jimmy Carter in 1976, and Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, but Republican George W. Bush in 2000 and 2004. Bush won the state's 8 electoral votes overwhelmingly in 2004 by a margin of 20 percentage points and 59.6% of the vote. The most solidly Democratic counties are in the mountainous eastern unionized coal mining region, especially Pike, Floyd, Knott, Menifee, Letcher, Perry and Breathitt, and the cities of Lexington and Louisville. The Jackson Purchase area in the far west was historically a Democratic stronghold but has moved Republican recently. Paducah author Irvin Cobb once wrote of the purchase area: "There was no doubt about our district. Whatever might betide, she was safe and sound - a Democratic Rock of Ages ." The area was once referred to as the Gibraltar of Democracy.

 

Representation

Kentucky's congressional districts 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
The 7th - 13th districts are obsolete
See also: Current Kentucky delegation - Past & present Kentucky delegations - Kentucky government category
United States congressional districts - Congressional apportionment - Redistricting - Gerrymandering

 

Important cities and towns

Kentucky's largest cities and most of the fast growing counties are concentrated in what is referred to as the Golden Triangle , which is almost entirely in the Bluegrass region , with the exception of Hardin , Meade and LaRue counties which are in the Pennyroyal region .

The largest city in Kentucky is Louisville Metro , with a 2004 census estimated population of 556,332. The Kentucky side of the Louisville CSA has a population of 1,120,039. The second largest city is Lexington with 260,512 people, with its CSA having an estimated population of 635,547 in 2005. The Northern Kentucky area (the seven Kentucky counties in the Cincinnati CSA) had an estimated population of 403,727 in 2005. The metropolitan areas of Louisville, Lexington, and Northern Kentucky have a combined population of 2,159,313 as of 2005, which is 51.7% of the state's total population.

The two other fast growing urban areas in Kentucky are the Bowling Green area and the "Tri Cities Region" of southeastern Kentucky, comprised of Somerset , London , and Corbin .

Although only one town in the "Tri Cities", namely Somerset, currently has more than 10,000 people, the area has been experiencing heightened population and job growth since the 1990s. Growth has been especially rapid in Laurel County, which outgrew areas such as Scott and Jessamine counties around Lexington or Shelby and Nelson Counties around Louisville. London, Kentucky is currently on pace to double its population in the 2000s from 5,692 in 2000 to 10,879 in 2010. London also landed a Wal-Mart distribution center in 1997, bringing thousands of jobs to the community.

In northeast Kentucky, the greater Ashland area is an important transportation and manufacturing center. Iron and petroleum production, as well as the transport of coal by rail and barge , have been historical pillars of the region's economy. Due to a decline in the area's industrial base, Ashland has seen a sizable reduction in its population since 1990. The population of the area has since stabilized, however, with the medical service industry taking a greater role in the local economy. The Ashland area, including the Kentucky counties of Boyd and Greenup , is a part of the Huntington -Ashland, WV - KY - OH , Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 288,649. About 20,000 of those people reside within the city limits of Ashland.

Population growth is centered along and between interstates I-65 and I-75.

15 largest Kentucky cities, 2010 Projected

City Projected Population Louisville

564,048

Lexington

275,127

Owensboro

56,149

Bowling Green

54,291

Covington

42,470

Richmond

34,472

Florence

28,296

Henderson

27,875

Nicholasville

27,675

Hopkinsville

27,249

Frankfort

26,591

Jeffersontown

25,630

Paducah

24,402

Elizabethtown

24,162

Georgetown

22,210

 

15 most populated counties, 2010 Projected

County City Projected Population Difference Jefferson

Louisville

706,050

+ 12,446

Fayette

Lexington

275,127

+ 14,615

Kenton

Covington

155,867

+ 4,404

Boone

Florence

126,552

+ 40,560

Warren

Bowling Green

105,398

+ 12,876

Hardin

Elizabethtown , Radcliff

99,724

+ 5,554

Daviess

Owensboro

94,575

+ 3,030

Campbell

Newport , Fort Thomas

85,886

- 2,730

Madison

Richmond

84,626

+ 13,754

Bullitt

Shepherdsville

75,712

+ 14,476

Christian

Hopkinsville

67,981

- 4,328

Pike

Pikeville

65,108

- 3,620

McCracken

Paducah

63,882

- 1,632

Pulaski

Somerset

62,183

+ 5,966

Oldham

La Grange

60,641

+ 14,463

 

Education

 

Colleges and universities

 

Private

Alice Lloyd College

Asbury College

Asbury Theological Seminary

Bellarmine University

Berea College

Brescia College

Campbellsville University

Centre College

Clear Creek Baptist Bible College

Commonwealth Baptist College [1]

Georgetown College

Kentucky Christian University

Kentucky Mountain Bible College

 

 

 

Kentucky Wesleyan College

Lexington Theological Seminary

Lindsey Wilson College

Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary

Louisville Technical Institute

Mid-Continent University

Midway College

Pikeville College

Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

 

 

 

Spalding University

Spencerian College

Sullivan University ( Louisville , Frankfort and Lexington )

Thomas More College

Transylvania University

Union College

University of the Cumberlands (formerly known as Cumberland College)

 

 

 

Public

Eastern Kentucky University

Kentucky State University

Morehead State University

 

 

 

Murray State University

Northern Kentucky University

University of Kentucky

 

 

 

University of Louisville

Western Kentucky University

 

 

 

Community colleges

Ashland Community and Technical College

Bluegrass Community and Technical College

Bowling Green Technical College

Central Kentucky Technical College

Elizabethtown Community and Technical College

 

 

 

Gateway Community and Technical College

Hazard Community and Technical College

Henderson Community College

Hopkinsville Community College

Jefferson Community College

Jefferson Technical College

Madisonville Community College

 

 

 

Mayo Technical College

Maysville Community and Technical College

Owensboro Community and Technical College

Owensboro Technical College

Prestonsburg Community College

Rowan Technical College

Somerset Community College

West Kentucky Community and Technical College

 

 

 

See also

Kentucky Educational Television , the largest PBS network in the country.

 

 

Sports

 

College Sports

This section is a stub . You can help by adding to it . As in many Southern states, especially those without major league professional sport teams, college athletics are very important. The following is especially strong for the state's two Division I programs, the Kentucky Wildcats and Louisville Cardinals , who have combined for nine NCAA Men's Basketball National Championships. (seven at UK, two at U of L).

According to Sports Illustrated ' s 50th edition Kentucky profile, 63% of Kentuckians are Kentucky Wildcats fans, while 16% are Louisville Cardinals fans. [2] The same poll found that 87% thought that the rivalry between the Wildcats and the Cardinals was the state's biggest, and a plurality (38%) considered former UK and current U of L men's basketball coach Rick Pitino the "enemy of the state."

 

Professional sports teams

The Purple People Bridge between Newport and Cincinnati, Ohio . Kentucky is home to no major league sports team but several minor league teams. However, the northern part of the state lies across the Ohio River from Cincinnati, Ohio , which is home to a National Football League team, the Bengals , and a Major League Baseball team, the Reds . It is not uncommon for fans to park in the city of Newport, Kentucky , and use the Newport Southbank Pedestrian Bridge , locally known as the "Purple People Bridge" , to walk to these games in Cincinnati. Many restaurants and stores in Newport rely on business from these fans. Also, Georgetown College in Georgetown is the location for the Bengals' summer training camp.

The state is home to several minor league sports teams. The Louisville Bats of the International League are the AAA affiliate of the Reds. The Lexington Legends are a Class A minor league baseball team affiliated with the Houston Astros in the South Atlantic League .

 

Minor league baseball

Louisville Bats (Triple-A International League affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds )

Lexington Legends (Single-A South Atlantic League affiliate of the Houston Astros )

Florence Freedom (Single-A Frontier League independent)

 

 

Football

Lexington Horsemen ( United Indoor Football )

Louisville Fire ( arenafootball2 )

Louisville Bulls ( Mid Continental Football League )

 

 

Basketball

Kentucky Colonels ( American Basketball Association ) (now defunct)

 

 

Miscellaneous topics

 

Cuisine

Main article: Cuisine of Kentucky While Kentucky's pastimes are distinctly those of the South, the state's cuisine is considered to be a synergistic blend of Midwestern cuisine and Southern US cuisine . One original Kentucky dish is called the Hot Brown . It is a layered dish normally in this order: bread, tomatoes, ham, bacon, and topped with melted cheese. It was developed at the Brown Hotel in Louisville .

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Origin of name

According to The Kentucky Encyclopedia, the origin of Kentucky's name has never been definitively identified. Some possibilities include:

a Wyandot name meaning "land of tomorrow"

an Iroquoian name meaning "place of meadows"

an Algonquian term for a river bottom

a Shawnee term for the head of a river

 

Some theories have been debunked. Kentucky's name does not come from the combination of "cane" and "turkey," nor does it come from a native American phrase for "dark and bloody ground."

The name Kentucky referred originally to the Kentucky River and from that came the name of the region.

 

State symbols

See also: Flag of Kentucky 2001 commemorative quarter State bird : Kentucky Cardinal

State flower : Goldenrod

State tree : Tulip Poplar (formerly the Kentucky coffeetree )

State horse : Thoroughbred

State fish : Kentucky Bass

State wild animal : Gray Squirrel

State butterfly : Viceroy Butterfly

State gemstone : Freshwater Pearl

State fossil : Brachiopod

State song : " My Old Kentucky Home " by Stephen Foster ( 1853 )

State bluegrass song : "Blue Moon of Kentucky" by Bill Monroe ( 1947 )

State drink : Milk

State honey festival: Clarkson Honeyfest

State motto : "United We Stand, Divided We Fall"

State slogan : "Unbridled Spirit"

State dance : Clogging

 

 

Interesting facts about Kentucky

See also: List of famous Kentuckians Both the president of the Union ( Abraham Lincoln ) and the Confederacy ( Jefferson Davis ) during the Civil War were born in Kentucky.

Kentucky has more navigatable shoreline than any other state in the union, other than Alaska. This is thanks to Kentucky's intricate system of lakes and rivers, as well as being home to Kentucky Lake, Lake Barkley, and Lake Cumberland, all of which rank in the top 20 in size area of US lakes.

Kentucky has more farms per square mile than any other U.S. state. Despite being the 14th smallest state in land area, Kentucky still ranks 5th in the total number of farms.

Kentucky's universities have been involved in several important medical breakthroughs. In 2006 researchers at the University of Louisville developed the first Human Papilloma Virus vaccine. U of L also transplanted the first self-contained artificial heart in the world in 2001, and did the first ever hand transplant in the U.S. in 1999.

Kentuckian Franklin Sousley is one of six soldiers in the picture "Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima"

The Purple People Bridge connecting Newport and Cincinnati is the longest pedestrian-only bridge in the world. In 2007, the Big Four Bridge in Louisville will be converted into the world's second longest pedstrian only bridge, meaning Kentucky will be home to the two longest pedestrian only bridges in the world and the only two in the United States connecting two states.

The Old Louisville neighborhood is the largest historic preservation district in the U.S. featuring Victorian architecture and is also the first place the public viewed Thomas Edison 's light bulb . It is also the fourth largest historic preservation district overall in the U.S.

Garrett Morgan , born to former slaves in Paris, Kentucky , developed a concept of the gas mask.

The roll-top desk was invented in Henderson by the original owners of Alles Brothers Furniture.

The first public library open to African Americans was the Western Branch of the Louisville Free Public Library.

Rainey Bethea was the last condemned prisoner to be publicly executed in the United States. The sentence was carried out on August 14 , 1936 in front of an estimated 20,000 spectators in Owensboro .

Bourbon whiskey was first produced in Kentucky, purportedly by Baptist minister Elijah Craig .

Mother's Day was originally celebrated in Henderson .

The University of Kentucky 's men's basketball team, The Kentucky Wildcats , are the winningest team in college basketball history. The Wildcats: Have won more games than any other team.

Have won more national championships than any other team but the UCLA Bruins .

Played in the game that set the all time record for attendance at a basketball game.

Hold the record for all-time winning percentage.

 

 

Famed wildlife artist John James Audubon , who operated a general store in Louisville for about two years, spent much of his career painting in Henderson .

The World Peace Bell , located in Newport , is the largest free-swinging bell in existence.

Several U.S. Navy ships have been named USS Kentucky in honor of the state. The USS Paducah and USS Louisville also served as naval vessels. Also, in honor of their massive and record-breaking contributions to scrap drives in World War II, the small town of Stearns got a ship named after itself.

William Goebel became the only governor of a US state to be assassinated when he was shot by a sniper as he walked to the State Capitol in Frankfort.

Kentucky ranks 4th among U.S. states in the number of automobiles and trucks assembled. The Chevrolet Corvette , Ford Expedition , Ford Explorer , all Ford F-series trucks, and the Toyota Camry are all assembled in Kentucky.

Paris, Kentucky native George Snyder is credited as inventing the first modern fishing reel.

The Eastern Kentucky Coal Fields are recognized as being one of the most productive in the nation. This area is famously known for the Hatfield-McCoy feud . A major trail spans the historical sites of the feud through West Virginia and Kentucky.

 

 

See also

BluegrassReport.org — Democratic Party -oriented political blog covering Kentucky politics

Scouting in Kentucky

 

 

References

^ Kentucky QuickFacts

^ http://kentucky.gov/unbridledspirit/info.htm

 

 

Politics

Miller, Penny M. Kentucky Politics & Government: Do We Stand United? (1994)

Jewell, Malcolm E. and Everett W. Cunningham, Kentucky Politics (1968)

 

 

History

 

Surveys and reference

Bodley, Temple and Samuel M. Wilson. History of Kentucky 4 vols. (1928).

Channing, Steven. Kentucky: A Bicentennial History (1977).

Clark, Thomas Dionysius. A History of Kentucky (many editions, 1937-1992).

Collins, Lewis. History of Kentucky (1880).

Harrison, Lowell H. and James C. Klotter. A New History of Kentucky (1997).

Kleber, John E. et al The Kentucky Encyclopedia (1992), standard reference history.

Klotter, James C. Our Kentucky: A Study of the Bluegrass State (2000), high school text

Lucas, Marion Brunson and Wright, George C. A History of Blacks in Kentucky 2 vols. (1992).

Share, Allen J. Cities in the Commonwealth: Two Centuries of Urban Life in Kentucky (1982).

Wallis, Frederick A. and Hambleton Tapp. A Sesqui-Centennial History of Kentucky 4 vols. (1945).

Ward, William S., A Literary History of Kentucky (1988) ( ISBN 0-87049-578-X ).

WPA, Kentucky: A Guide to the Bluegrass State (1939) , classic guide.

Yater, George H. (1987). Two Hundred Years at the Fall of the Ohio: A History of Louisville and Jefferson County , 2nd edition, Filson Club, Incorporated . ISBN 0-9601072-3-1 .

 

 

Specialized scholarly studies

Bakeless, John. Daniel Boone, Master of the Wilderness (1989)

Blakey, George T. Hard Times and New Deal in Kentucky, 1929-1939 (1986)

Coulter, E. Merton. The Civil War and Readjustment in Kentucky (1926)

Davis, Alice. "Heroes: Kentucky's Artists from Statehood to the New Millennium" (2004)

Ellis, William E. The Kentucky River (2000).

Faragher, John Mack. Daniel Boone (1993)

Fenton, John H. Politics in the Border States: A Study of the Patterns of Political Organization, and Political Change, Common to the Border States: Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri (1957)

Ireland, Robert M. The County in Kentucky History (1976)

Klotter, James C.; Lowell Harrison, James Ramage, Charles Roland, Richard Taylor, Bryan S. Bush, Tom Fugate, Dixie Hibbs, Lisa Matthews, Robert C. Moody, Marshall Myers, Stuart Sanders and Stephen McBride (2005). Jerlene Rose Kentucky's Civil War 1861-1865 . Back Home In Kentucky Inc. ISBN 0-9769231-1-4 .

Klotter, James C. Kentucky: Portrait in Paradox, 1900-1950 (1992)

Pearce, John Ed. Divide and Dissent: Kentucky Politics, 1930-1963 (1987)

Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union (1991).

Sonne, Niels Henry. Liberal Kentucky, 1780-1828 (1939)

Tapp, Hambleton and James C Klotter. Kentucky Decades of Discord, 1865-1900 (1977)

Townsend, William H. Lincoln and the Bluegrass: Slavery and Civil War in Kentucky (1955)

Waldrep, Christopher Night Riders: Defending Community in the Black Patch, 1890-1915 (1993) tobacco wars

 

 

 

Kentucky





GenealogyBuff.com - Kentucky Library of Files

Kentucky Authors and Literature at Southern Literary Review

Kentucky Department of Tourism

Kentucky.gov: My New Kentucky Home

The Kentucky Highlands Project

Kentucky Obituary Links

Kentucky State Facts

Kentucky: Unbridled Spirit

Kentucky Virtual Library

Thomas D. Clark Center for Kentucky History

U.S. Census Bureau Kentucky QuickFacts

FULL CARE HORSE BOARDING:
  • freshly crimped oats twice/day
  • coastal hay
  • daily stall cleaning with clean wood shavings
  • daily turnouts (weather permitting)
  • free trailer parking
  • lighted indoor riding arena
  • outdoor round pen
  • 4-horse walker
OPTIONAL HORSE BOARDING SERVICES:
  • winter blanketing
  • stall fan
  • heat lamp
  • additional oats and/or hay
  • feed supplements
  • additional shavings
  • administration of medicine, (nonintravenous)
  • private paddocks
  • evening turnout

Exodus Farm
Full Care, Partial care and self care available on private farm. Indoor arena, small outdoor track, tack storage, feed room, big hay loft and personal care of your horses. Turn out is limited. Great facility for your show horse. Owners live on site. Family atmosphere!

This horse farm operation services: Versailles, Kentucky

Goose Creek Stables
Boarding - full and partial care. Indoor arena. Cross country course. Outdoor jumps. Lessons and sales.

This horse farm operation services: Lexington, Kentucky

Witts End Farm
The mission of Witts End Farm is to board, breed, raise and develop high caliber Thoroughbred racehorses, while maintaining respect for the horse, the land and our clients. Witts End Farm is located just outside of Lexington Kentucky, in Northern Richmond Ky, the bluegrass state.

This horse farm operation services: Richmond, Kentucky

Carousel Training Center LLC
Welcome to Carousel Training Center, a brand new state- of- the- art facility. In order to give our clients the best experience possible, we offer a range of board options, outstanding facilities and highly experienced instructors. We also offer clinics on a regular basis, in a variety of riding disciplines. Located in the scenic hills surrounding Crestwood,Ky, Carousel will provide you with the environment you need to excell in equestrian pursuits.

This services: Shelbyville, Kentucky

Lakeview Stables
Lakeview Stables is a new equine facility in Shelby County, Kentucky offering full-care horse boarding with turnout, as well as pasture boarding Easily accessible from I-64, Frankfort, Shelbyville, Georgetown, Simpsonville and Waddy. Call (502) 747-5935

RHC Riding Academy
The horses come first at our beautiful farm located just 7 miles from Shelbyville. Excellent individualize care, covered arena, lush pastures, lounge/viewing room and more. Quality riding lessons available in all disciplines for all levels. Check out our website.

This horse farm operation services: Shelbyville, Kentucky

Bella Vista Equestrian Center
A full service boarding, training, and lesson facility in Leitchfield, KY.

This horse farm operation services: Grayson, Kentucky

The Paddocks
Horse Boarding, Pasture and Nutritional care in Cynthiana, KY (just North of Lexington) Weekly, monthly, and overnight rates. Full time Equine Nutritionist on site. Plenty of riding areas. In addition, we have biololgical fly control and mosquito control traps in the summer to ensure the utmost comfort and health for your horse. Contact us at tatecorp@msn.com or 859-235-9735 for reservations on boarding. Just off Hwy 356.

This horse farm operation services: Cynthiana, Kentucky

DeLima Stables
Set in the heart of the famed Kentucky Bluegrass, DeLima Stables is the perfect setting for horses. Wonderful facilities and Mary's extensive experience ensure that you and your horse will have the best instruction and care.

This services: Harrodsburg, Kentucky

Woodsmith Farm
Woodsmith Farm is a small family owned farm that offers boarding and training facilities for you and your horse. We specialize in retired horse care and giving horses a second chance in life. Visit our website for more information.

Bella Vida Stables
Bella Vida Stables is located in beautiful L' Esprit, an equestrian community consisting of approximately 4000 acres located just outside of LaGrange Kentucky. We have a mix of clients with different interests ranging from folks who like to show and compete, and those who just like to ride and enjoy the beautiful trails. We offer full care, pasture, and overnight boarding services.