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Absecon Allentown Andover Asbury Park Atlantic City Atlantic Highlands Avalon Avenel
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Barnegat Basking Ridge Bayonne Bayville Beach Haven Bedminster Belle Mead Belleville Bellmawr Belmar Belvidere Bergenfield Berkeley Heights Berlin Bernardsville Blackwood Blairstown Bloomfield Boonton Bordentown Bound Brook Branchville Brick Bridgeton Bridgewater Brigantine Budd Lake Burlington Butler
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Caldwell Califon Camden Cape May Cape May Court House Carlstadt Carteret Cedar Grove Chatham Cherry Hill Chester Clark Clementon Cliffside Park Clifton Clinton Closter Collingswood Colonia Colts Neck Cranbury Cranford
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Deal Denville Dover Dumont Dunellen
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East Brunswick East Hanover East Orange East Rutherford Eatontown Edgewater Edison Egg Harbor City Egg Harbor Township Elizabeth Elmer Elmwood Park Emerson Englewood Englewood Cliffs Englishtown
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Fair Lawn Fairfield Fairview Fanwood Farmingdale Flanders Flemington Florham Park Forked River Fort Lee Franklin Franklin Lakes Franklin Park Franklinville Freehold Frenchtown
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Garfield Glassboro Glen Rock Gloucester City
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Hackensack Hackettstown Haddon Heights Haddonfield Haledon Hamburg Hammonton Harrison Hasbrouck Heights Hawthorne Hazlet Highland Park Hightstown Hillsborough Hillside Hoboken Holmdel Hopatcong Hopewell Howell
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Irvington Iselin
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Jackson Jersey City
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Keansburg Kearny Kenilworth Keyport
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Lakehurst Lakewood Lambertville Lebanon Leonia Lincoln Park Linden Linwood Little Falls Little Ferry Little Silver Livingston Lodi Long Branch Long Valley Lyndhurst
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Madison Mahwah Manahawkin Manasquan Maple Shade Maplewood Margate City Marlboro Marlton Matawan Mays Landing Maywood Medford Mendham Merchantville Metuchen Middlesex Middletown Midland Park Milford Millburn Millington Millville Monmouth Junction Monroe Township Montclair Montvale Montville Moonachie Moorestown Morganville Morris Plains Morristown Mount Holly Mount Laurel Mountainside Mullica Hill
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Neptune Netcong New Brunswick New Providence Newark Newfoundland Newton North Arlington North Bergen North Brunswick Northfield Northvale Nutley
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Oakhurst Oakland Ocean City Old Bridge Oradell Orange
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Palisades Park Paramus Park Ridge Parsippany Passaic Paterson Paulsboro Pennington Penns Grove Pennsauken Pennsville Perth Amboy Phillipsburg Piscataway Pitman Plainfield Plainsboro Pleasantville Point Pleasant Beach Pompton Lakes Pompton Plains Princeton Princeton Junction
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Rahway Ramsey Randolph Raritan Red Bank Ridgefield Ridgefield Park Ridgewood Ringwood River Edge Riverside Riverton Rochelle Park Rockaway Roseland Roselle Roselle Park Rumson Rutherford
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Saddle Brook Saddle River Salem Sayreville Scotch Plains Sea Isle City Secaucus Sewell Short Hills Shrewsbury Sicklerville Somers Point Somerset Somerville South Amboy South Hackensack South Orange South Plainfield South River Sparta Spring Lake Springfield Stratford Succasunna Summit Sussex Swedesboro
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Teaneck Tenafly Toms River Totowa Trenton Tuckerton
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Union Union City
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Ventnor City Vernon Verona Vincentown Vineland Voorhees
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Waldwick Warren Washington Watchung Wayne West Berlin West Milford West New York West Orange Westfield Westwood Whippany Whitehouse Station Whiting Wildwood Williamstown Willingboro Woodbridge Woodbury Woodstown Wyckoff

New Jersey (often informally abbreviated to "Jersey") is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States . It is the fourth smallest, tenth most populous, and most densely populated state in the US. The state is named after the island of Jersey in the English Channel . It is bordered on the north by New York , on the east by the Atlantic Ocean , on the southwest by Delaware , and on the west by Pennsylvania . Parts of New Jersey lie within the metropolitan areas of New York , Philadelphia , and the Delaware Valley .

Inhabitated by Native Americans for more than 11,000 years, the area was settled by the Swedes and Dutch . The British later seized control of the region, which was granted to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton as the colony of New Jersey. New Jersey was an important site during the American Revolutionary War ; several decisive battles were fought there. Later, working-class cities such as Paterson helped to drive the Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century. New Jersey's position at the center of the BosWash megalopolis , between Boston , New York City , Philadelphia , Baltimore and Washington, D.C. , fueled its rapid growth through the suburban boom of the 1950s and beyond.

Contents

[ hide ] 1 Geography

2 Climate

3 History 3.1 Colonial era

3.2 Revolutionary War era

3.3 Nineteenth century

3.4 Twentieth century

 

 

4 Demographics 4.1 State population

4.2 Race, ethnicity, and ancestry

4.3 Religion

 

 

5 Economy 5.1 Oil refineries

 

 

6 Transportation 6.1 Roadways

6.2 Airports

6.3 Rail and bus 6.3.1 Private bus carriers 6.3.1.1 Carriers providing contract service to NJ Transit

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 Law and government 7.1 Counties

7.2 Municipalities 7.2.1 Types of government

7.2.2 Forms of government

 

 

7.3 Politics

 

 

8 Prominent cities and towns 8.1 Large cities (100,000 or greater)

8.2 Towns and small cities (60,000 up to 100,000)

8.3 Other (less than 60,000)

8.4 Wealth of municipalities

 

 

9 Education 9.1 Colleges and universities

 

 

10 Professional sports teams

11 Miscellaneous topics 11.1 State symbols

11.2 Music

11.3 Television and film

11.4 Legends and ghosts

 

 

12 References

13 See also

14

 

 

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Geography

Main article: Geography of New Jersey See also: List of New Jersey counties Map of New Jersey showing major transportation networks and cities New York Harbor from the Staten Island Ferry , with views of Jersey City (in North Jersey ) and its Gold Coast featuring the 781-foot (238 m) Goldman Sachs Tower . New Jersey is bordered on the north and northeast by New York ; on the east by the Atlantic Ocean ; on the south and southwest by Delaware ; and on the west by Pennsylvania . The western border of New Jersey is largely defined by the Delaware River . Because of its dense population and because most communities of northern New Jersey do not have the widespread reservoir system of neighboring Greater New York City, the slightest dry season leads to drought warnings; but because there are many streams and rivers close to these communities, the slightest above average rainfall causes frequent flooding as many parts of Northern New Jersey are part of a flood plain . It is also at the center of the Boston to Washington megalopolis.

New Jersey is broadly divided into three geographic regions: North Jersey , Central Jersey , and South Jersey . North Jersey lies within New York City 's general sphere of influence largely within the New York metropolitan area , in which reside many residents commuting to the city to work. Central Jersey is a largely suburban area. South Jersey is within Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 's general sphere of influence, and most of it is included in the Delaware Valley . Such geographic definitions are loosely defined, however, and there is often dispute over where one region begins and another ends. Some people do not consider Central Jersey to exist at all, but most believe it is a separate geographic and cultural area from the North and South.

Additionally, the New Jersey Commerce, Economic Growth & Tourism Commission divides the state into six distinct regions to facilitate the state's tourism industry. The regions are:

Gateway Region , encompassing Hudson County , Essex County , Union County , Middlesex County , Bergen County , and Passaic County .

Skylands Region , encompassing Sussex County , Morris County , Warren County , Hunterdon County , and Somerset County .

Shore Region , encompassing Monmouth County and Ocean County .

Delaware River Region , encompassing Mercer County , Burlington County , Camden County , Gloucester County , and Salem County .

Greater Atlantic City Region , encompassing Atlantic County .

Southern Shore Region , encompassing Cumberland County and Cape May County .

 

High Point , in Montague Township , Sussex County , is the highest elevation, at 1,803 feet (550 m ).

Major rivers include the Manasquan , Maurice , Mullica , Passaic , Hackensack , Rahway , Rancocas , Raritan , Musconetcong , and Delaware rivers. The Palisades are a line of steep cliffs on the lower west side of the Hudson River .

Sandy Hook , along the eastern coast, is a popular recreational beach. It is a barrier spit and an extension of the Barnegat Peninsula along the state's Atlantic Ocean coast.

Areas managed by the National Park Service include:

Appalachian National Scenic Trail

Delaware National Scenic River

Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area

Edison National Historic Site in West Orange

Ellis Island National Monument

Gateway National Recreation Area in Monmouth County

Great Egg Harbor River

Morristown National Historical Park in Morristown

New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route

New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve

 

Prominent geographic features include:

Delaware Water Gap

The Highlands

New Jersey Meadowlands

Pine Barrens

South Mountain

 

Climate

New Jersey has a temperate climate , with warm/hot summers and cool/cold winters. During the hurricane season , tropical cyclones can hit New Jersey, though it is unusual for them to travel this far up the east coast . During the winter months, Nor'easters can dump up to two feet of snow at once.

The temperatures vary greatly from the northernmost part of New Jersey to the southernmost part of New Jersey. For example, these are the average high and low temperatures for Cape May, NJ and Sussex, NJ :

Sussex Cape May

High Low High Low January 34

14

42

27

February 38

16

43

28

March 47

25

51

35

April 59

35

60

43

May 70

45

69

53

June 78

54

78

62

July 83

59

84

67

August 82

57

83

66

September 74

49

77

60

October 63

37

66

49

November 51

30

56

40

December 39

21

47

31

 

History

Main article: History of New Jersey Some claim there is evidence suggesting that people have inhabited New Jersey since 10,500 BC. This would have been a post Ice age culture consisting of traveling hunters. However, the Europeans were the first to document the land. New Jersey's first European presence was not until the year 1497, when an English explorer named John Cabot first saw New Jersey while sailing up the coast. “Florentine, Giovanni da Verrazano , reportedly visited the coast in 1524” but neither of these men are considered New Jersey's discoverer (McCormick 3). Cabot failed to explore the land and Verrazano left no record supporting his claim.

Sir Henry Hudson is the explorer generally credited with having discovered New Jersey in 1609. On September 4 , 1609 he dropped anchor in Cape May and took a crew of 20 men for a week of exploration. He didn't leave any European culture behind, but he did document his discovery very well. New Jersey's first taste of European personality came from Captain Cornelius Jacobsen Mey . In “1620 he sailed up the Delaware, and in 1624 he erected Fort Nassau at the Mouth of Timber Creek” (Pomfret 5b). He explored the greater Delaware Bay area and confirmed that the land was good for planting. He declared it as ready for colonization and named Cape May in his own honor.

Europeans agreed that the land was good for planting, but they felt discontent towards the inhabitants. The Lenni-Lenape tribe occupied New Jersey at this time. The Europeans found them strange and uncivilized; while in fact that couldn't have been further from the truth. The Lenni-Lenape Native Americans tribe was part of the greater Algonquin nation. The tribe was well organized into “three groups, which were geographic distributed” (Worton 27). These sub-tribes each had a sub-chief or sakima. The sub-tribes each had their respective names, “the Minsi, or the people of the stony country in the north; the Unami, or the people down the river in the central portion; and Unilachitgo or the people who leave near the ocean in the south” (ibid 27). The Unami sakima was normally thought to be the chief of the whole Lenni-Lenape tribe. The tribe was in fact so well organized that it had a network of trails resembling the locations of many of our modern-day highways. They were also the leading force of peace within the nation. The tribe was frequently asked to serve as intermediaries to settle inter-tribal conflicts.

It was their contact with the early Dutch traders that would be the beginning of the end for the Lenni-Lenape. In 1638, a company of Swedes and ethnic Finns , under the supervision of Dutch political and commercial interests, set sail for the New World. They sailed across the North Atlantic, south along the New Jersey Coast, then into the Delaware Bay and up the Delaware River to Wilmington. They began to settle both sides of the Delaware at a site not far from what would become Salem. A fort named Old Fort Elfsborg became the central hub for trade. The Scandinavian influence prevails today as linguists theorize that certain speech patterns in Southern New Jersey area are traceable to the mixed and changing Swedish-English vocabulary.

 

Colonial era

Main article: Colonial history of New Jersey Much of New Jersey was claimed by the Dutch . The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern New York (Nieuw Amsterdam) and New Jersey. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch policy required formal purchase of all land settled upon, and the first such purchase was of Manhattan , by Peter Minuit .

The entire region became a territory of England in 1664, when a British fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is today New York Harbor and took over the colony, against extremely little resistance.

During the English Civil War the Channel Isle of Jersey remained loyal to the Crown and gave sanctuary to the King. It was from the Royal Square in St. Helier that Charles II of England was first proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I . The North American lands were divided by Charles II , who gave his brother, the Duke of York (later King James II ) the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony (as opposed to a royal colony). James then granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River (the land that would become New Jersey) to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War : Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton .

Rutgers University was originally chartered as Queen's College in 1766 Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule was in the Hudson River region and came primarily from New England. On March 18 , 1673 , Berkeley sold his half of the colony to Quakers in England (with William Penn acting as trustee for a time), who settled the Delaware Valley region as a Quaker colony. New Jersey was governed as two distinct provinces, West Jersey and East Jersey , for the 28 years between 1674 and 1702. In 1702, the two provinces were united under a royal, rather than a proprietary, governor.

 

Revolutionary War era

Main article: New Jersey during the American Revolution New Jersey was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution . The New Jersey Constitution of 1776 was passed July 2 , 1776 , just two days before the Second Continental Congress declared American Independence from Britain .

New Jersey representatives Richard Stockton , John Witherspoon , Francis Hopkinson , John Hart , and Abraham Clark were among the men who signed the United States Declaration of Independence . These men, just like all the others, took tremendous risks in order to fight for independence and all went on to serve their newly founded country for the rest of their lives. Distinguished lawyer Richard Stockton, New Jersey born and College of New Jersey graduate, sacrificed his royal judicial title and his considerable international economic interest in order to be an elected delegate for New Jersey at the General Congress. John Witherspoon was a Scottish immigrant. He came to New Jersey to serve as the sixth president of the College of New Jersey. He was a world renowned Presbyterian minister and became a leading member of the Continental Congress . Witherspoon went on to become one of the leaders of the new national Presbyterian church. Francis Hopkinson was somewhat of a renaissances man for his time. He was articulate in several fields of the arts and a very impressive scientist. Perhaps the capstone of his career was being appointed by President George Washington to the federal bench. John Hart was prominent land owner and judge of the Hunterdon County court. Like Stockton, he sacrificed his high standing with the royal court and dedicated his life to the New Jersey Assembly. After signing the Declaration of Independence, he went on to become the speaker of the New Jersey Assembly. The last of the men was native to Elizabethtown, Abraham Clark. He was slightly different from his fellow New Jersey representatives. He jumped from job to job working as a farmer, surveyor, transporter, legal adviser, and finally politician. He was well liked in all these field and had become a prominent member of society, but he found his home in government. Upon this he had held numerous political positions at all the various levels of government.

It was an act of the Provincial Congress, which made itself into the state Legislature. To reassure neutrals, it provided that it would become void if New Jersey reached a reconciliation with Great Britain.

During the American Revolutionary War , British and American armies crossed New Jersey numerous times and several pivotal battles took place in the state. Because of this, New Jersey today is often referred to as "The Crossroads of the Revolution."

On Christmas Day , 1776 , the Continental Army under George Washington crossed the Delaware River and engaged the unprepared Hessian troops in the Battle of Trenton . Slightly more than a week after victory at Trenton , on January 3 , 1777 , the American forces gained an important victory by stopping Cornwallis's charges at the Second Battle of Trenton . By evading Cornwallis's army, Washington made a surprise attack on Princeton , and successfully defeated the British garrison there.

Later, American forces under Washington met the forces under General Henry Clinton at the Battle of Monmouth in an indecisive engagement. Washington attempted to take the British column by surprise; when the British army attempted to flank the Americans, the Americans retreated in disorder. The ranks were later reorganized and withstood the British charges.

In the summer of 1783, the Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall at Princeton University , making Princeton the nation's capital for four months. It was there that the Continental Congress learned of the signing of the Treaty of Paris (1783) , which ended the war.

New Jersey was the third state to ratify the United States Constitution , which was overwhelmingly popular in New Jersey, as it prevented New York and Pennsylvania from charging and keeping tariffs on goods imported from Europe. In November 20 , 1789 , the state became the first in the newly-formed Union to ratify the Bill of Rights .

The 1776 New Jersey State Constitution gave the vote to "all inhabitants" who had a certain level of wealth. This included both women and blacks; although not married women, who could not own property. Both sides, in several elections, claimed that the other side had had unqualified women vote, and mocked them for use of "petticoat electors" (entitled to vote or not); on the other hand, both parties passed Voting Rights Acts. In 1807, the legislature passed a bill interpreting the constitution to mean universal white male suffrage, excluding paupers. (This was less revolutionary than it sounds: the "constitution" was itself only an act of the legislature.) [1]

 

Nineteenth century

Main article: New Jersey in the Nineteenth Century On February 15 , 1804 , New Jersey became the last northern state to abolish slavery by enacting legislation that slowly phased out slavery. However, by the close of the Civil War , about a dozen African-Americans in New Jersey were still apprenticed freedmen . New Jersey initially refused to ratify the Constitutional Amendments banning slavery and granting rights to America's Black population.

Unlike the Revolutionary War, no Civil War battles took place within the state. However, throughout the course of the Civil War, over 80,000 enlisted in the Northern army to defeat the Southern rebels. In total, soldiers from New Jersey formed 4 militia regiments, 33 infantry regiments, 3 cavalry regiments, and 5 batteries of light artillery.

New Jersey was one of the few states to reject President Abraham Lincoln twice in national elections, and sided with Stephen Douglas and George B. McClellan during their campaigns. McClellan later became governor. During the war, the state was led first by Republican Governor Charles Smith Olden , then by Democrat Joel Parker .

In 1844, the second state constitution was ratified and brought into effect. Counties thereby became districts for the State Senate, and some realignment of boundaries (including the creation of Mercer County ) immediately followed. This provision was retained in the 1947 Constitution, but was overturned by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1961.

While the Governorship was stronger than under the 1776 constitution (it could hardly be weaker), the 1844 created many offices that were not responsible to him, or to the people, and gave him a three-year term, but he could not succeed himself.

In the Industrial Revolution , cities like Paterson grew and prospered. Previously, the economy had been largely agrarian, which was problematically subject to crop failures and poor soil. This caused a shift to a more industrialized economy, one based on manufactured commodities such as textiles and silk . Inventor Thomas Edison also became an important figure of the Industrial Revolution, having been granted 1,093 patents. Transportation was greatly improved as locomotion and steamboats were introduced to New Jersey.

Iron mining was also a prevalent industry during the middle to late 1800s. Mines such as Mt. Hope, Mine Hill and the Rockaway Valley Mines created a thriving industry, which spawned new towns and was one of the driving forces behind the need for the Morris Canal .

 

Twentieth century

Main article: New Jersey in the Twentieth Century Through both World Wars, New Jersey was a center for war production, especially in naval construction. Battleships, cruisers, and destroyers were all made in this state. In addition, Camp Kilmer , Fort Dix (originally called "Camp Dix"), and Camp Merritt were all constructed to help American soldiers through both World Wars. New Jersey also became a principal location for defense in the Cold War . Fourteen Nike Missile stations were constructed, especially for the defense of New York City and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania . PT-109, commanded by Lt.(jg) John F. Kennedy, was built at the Elco Boatworks in Bayonne, and the aircraft carrier Enterprise (CV-6) was briefly docked at the Military Ocean Terminal in Bayonne in the 1950s before she was sent to Japan to be scrapped.

New Jersey became a prosperous state through the Roaring Twenties but fell in prosperity under the Great Depression . Begging licenses were even offered to the unemployed by the state government in order to provide money for those who could not be helped by the exhausted state funds. [2] During this time period, the zeppelin Hindenburg went up in flames over Lakehurst .

In the 1960s, several race riots sprang up in New Jersey, the first of which occurred in Jersey City on August 2 , 1964 . Several other riots ensued in 1967, in the cities of Newark and Plainfield . Camden also dealt with race riots in 1971. The 1960s race riots in Freehold are mentioned in the Bruce Springsteen song " My Hometown ".

 

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of New Jersey Historical population Census
year Population

1790

184,139

1800

211,149

1810

245,562

1820

277,575

1830

320,823

1840

373,306

1850

489,555

1860

672,035

1870

906,096

1880

1,131,116

1890

1,444,933

1900

1,883,669

1910

2,537,167

1920

3,155,900

1930

4,041,334

1940

4,160,165

1950

4,835,329

1960

6,066,782

1970

7,168,164

1980

7,364,823

1990

7,730,188

2000

8,414,350

 

State population

Residents of New Jersey are most commonly referred to as "New Jerseyans" or "New Jerseyites". The United States Census Bureau , as of 2005, estimated New Jersey's population at 8,717,925, which represents an increase of 32,759, or 0.4%, from the prior year and an increase of 303,578, or 3.6%, since the last census in 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 220,220 people (that is 604,110 births minus 383,890 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 95,293 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 290,194 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 194,901 people. There are 1.6 million foreign-born living in the state (accounting for 19.2% of the population).

New Jersey is the tenth-most-populous state, but the most densely populated, at 1,134.4 residents per square mile (438.0 per km²), although the density varies widely across the state. It is also the wealthiest state in the United States as per the United States Census Bureau. [3]

 

Race, ethnicity, and ancestry

Demographics of New Jersey (csv) By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native - NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

2000 (total population)

79.16%

14.98%

0.61%

6.28%

0.13%

2000 (hispanic only)

11.87%

1.29%

0.20%

0.10%

0.05%

2005 (total population)

77.68%

15.19%

0.66%

7.70%

0.15%

2005 (hispanic only)

13.66%

1.45%

0.22%

0.12%

0.06%

Growth 2000-2005 (total population)

1.68%

5.01%

11.60%

27.06%

18.52%

Growth 2000-2005 (non-hispanic only)

-1.41%

3.89%

8.86%

27.17%

17.30%

Growth 2000-2005 (hispanic only)

19.21%

16.92%

17.36%

20.28%

20.68%

 

New Jersey is one of the most religiously and ethnically diverse states in the country. It has the largest Jewish population by percent; the second largest Muslim population by percent (after Michigan ); the fourth highest Italian-American population by percent of any state according to the 2000 Census ; and a large percentage of the population is Black , Hispanic , Arab , and Asian . It has the second highest Indian American population of any state by absolute numbers. [4] [5] [6] [7]

The five largest ancestry groups are: Italian (17.9%), Irish (15.9%), African American (13.6%), German (12.6%), Polish (6.9%).

Newark and Camden are two of the poorest cities in America, but New Jersey as a whole has the highest median household income among the states. This is largely because so much of New Jersey consists of suburbs, most of them affluent, of New York City and Philadelphia . New Jersey is also the most densely populated state in the nation, and the only state that has had every one of its counties deemed "urban" as defined by the Census Bureau 's Combined Statistical Area . [8]

New Jersey population distribution The dominant race, ethnicity, or ancestry by county, according to the 2000 Census, are the following:

Italian - Bergen, Morris, Somerset, Ocean, Monmouth

Irish - Sussex

Black - Essex, Union, Mercer, Hudson

German - Warren, Hunterdon

Polish/Slavic - Middlesex

Puerto Rican/Hispanic - Hudson, Passaic

 

6.7% of its population were reported as under 5, 24.8% under 18, and 13.2% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51.5% of the population.

 

Religion

The religious affiliations of adults of New Jersey are (figures do not sum to 100 from rounding):

Christian – 77% Roman Catholic – 39%

Protestant – 36% Baptist – 9%

Methodist – 6%

Presbyterian – 4%

Other Protestant or general Protestant – 17%

 

 

Other Christian – 2%

 

 

Jewish – 6%

Muslim – 1%

Other Religions (e.g. Hindu, Sikh) – 1%

Non-Religious – 16%

 

 

Economy

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that New Jersey's total state product in 2004 was $416 billion. [9] Its per capita personal income in 2004 was $41,636, 4 th in the U.S. and 126% of the national average of $33,041. [10] Its median household income is the highest in the nation with $55,146. It is ranked 2nd in the nation by the number of places with per capita incomes above national average with 76.4%. Nine of New Jersey's counties are in the wealthiest 100 of the country. Women in New Jersey earn the highest per capita income as stated in a 2002 article in the Newark Star-Ledger .

Its agricultural outputs are nursery stock, horses, vegetables, fruits and nuts, seafood, and dairy products. In particular, cranberries and eggplant are two of the state's largest crops. Hammonton in the southern part of the state is known as the blueberry capital of the world. Its industrial outputs are pharmaceutical and chemical products, food processing, electric equipment, printing and publishing, and tourism. New Jersey's economy has a large base of industry and chemical manufacturing. Additionally, New Jersey is home to the largest petroleum containment system outside of the Middle East .

New Jersey hosts several business headquarters. Fifty Fortune 500 companies have headquarters in or conduct business from Morris County alone. New Jersey is said to have the largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies in the world: nearly one hundred companies on the Fortune 500 list have headquarters or conduct business from New Jersey. Paramus is noted for having one of the highest retail sales per person ratios in the nation. Several New Jersey counties such as Somerset (#7), Morris (10), Hunterdon (13), Bergen (21), Monmouth (42) counties have been ranked among the highest-income counties in the United States . Four others are also in the top 100.

New Jersey's major industries are agriculture, tourism, nursery products, electronics, manufacturing equipment, pharmacuticals, etc. This diversity enables New Jersey to weather volatility in the national economy and contributes to New Jersey's low unemployment rate. New Jersey's geographical location between Philadelphia and New York City has helped New Jersey to grow and thrive since the time of its colonial origin in 1702. Another of New Jersey's great strengths is its large and well-educated labor pool that supports the myriad of industries that exist today. The Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal is one of the world's largest container ports. Newark Liberty International Airport is ranked seventh among the nation's busiest airports and among the top 20 busiest airports in the world.

Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson is one of the largest theme parks in the world. It is home to the largest wild safari outside Africa and is now home to the world's tallest, fastest rollercoaster, Kingda Ka . As of 2001, New Jersey makes $30 billion each year from tourism, as stated in the Star-Ledger article "The Best Of New Jersey". New Jersey is one of the top ten most visited states in the nation.

New Jersey has seven tax brackets for determining income tax rates. The rates range from 1.4 percent to 8.97 percent. The sales tax rate is 7 percent, applicable to all retail sales unless specifically exempt by law. Exemptions include most food items for at-home preparation, medicines, clothing, footwear, and disposable paper products for use in the home. All real property located in the state is subject to property tax unless specifically exempted by statute. New Jersey does not assess an intangible personal property tax, but it does impose an inheritance tax .

 

Oil refineries

New Jersey is infamous for its abundance of oil refineries. The smell given off by the refineries is common to motorists who travel the New Jersey Turnpike . This is a list of the major oil refineries in the state:

Bayway Refinery ( ConocoPhillips ), Linden, New Jersey 230,000 barrels per day (bpd)

Eagle Point Refinery ( Sunoco ), Westville, New Jersey 145,000 bpd

Paulsboro Asphalt Refinery ( Citgo ), Paulsboro, New Jersey 51,000 bpd

Paulsboro Refinery ( Valero ), Paulsboro, New Jersey 160,000 bpd

Perth Amboy Refinery ( Chevron ), Perth Amboy, New Jersey 80,000 bpd

Port Reading Refinery ( Hess ), Port Reading, New Jersey 62,000 bpd

 

 

Transportation

Main article: Transportation in New Jersey

Roadways

The New Jersey Turnpike is one of the best-known and most-trafficked roadways in the United States . This toll road carries interstate traffic between Delaware and New York . Commonly referred to as simply "the Turnpike," it is known for its numerous rest-areas named after prominent New Jerseyans as diverse as inventor Thomas Edison ; United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton ; United States Presidents Grover Cleveland and Woodrow Wilson ; writers James Fenimore Cooper , Joyce Kilmer , and Walt Whitman ; patriot Molly Pitcher ; Red Cross advocate Clara Barton ; and football coach Vince Lombardi .

The Garden State Parkway , or simply "the Parkway", carries more in-state traffic and runs from the town of Montvale along New Jersey's northern border to its southernmost tip at Cape May for 172.4 miles. It is the trunk that connects the New York metropolitan area to Atlantic City.

Other expressways in New Jersey include the Atlantic City Expressway , the Palisades Interstate Parkway , Interstate 76 , Interstate 78 , Interstate 80 , Interstate 195 , Interstate 280 , Interstate 287 , and Interstate 295 .

New Jersey has interstate compacts with all three neighboring states. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey , the Delaware River Port Authority (with Pennsylvania), and the Delaware River and Bay Authority (with Delaware) operate most of the major transportation routes into and out of New Jersey. Bridge tolls are collected in one direction only — it is free to cross into New Jersey, but motorists must pay when exiting the state. Exceptions to this are the Dingman's Ferry Bridge and the Delaware River-Turnpike Toll Bridge where tolls are charged both ways. The Washington Crossing and Scudders Falls (on I-95) bridges near Trenton, as well as Trenton's Calhoun Street and Bridge Street ("Trenton Makes") bridges, are toll-free.

See also: List of New Jersey State Highways

Airports

Newark Liberty International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the United States. Operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey , which runs the other two major airports in the New York City region ( John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport ), it is one of the main airports serving the New York City area. Continental Airlines is the facility's largest tenant, operating an entire terminal at Newark, which it uses as one of its primary hubs . United Airlines and FedEx operate cargo hubs. The adjacent Newark Airport railroad station provides access to the trains of Amtrak and New Jersey Transit along the Northeast Corridor Line .

Two smaller commercial airports, Atlantic City International Airport and Trenton-Mercer Airport , also operate in other parts of New Jersey. Teterboro Airport , in Bergen County , is a general aviation airport popular with private and corporate aircraft, due to its proximity to New York City.

 

Rail and bus

Main article: New Jersey Transit The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) operates extensive rail and bus service throughout the state. NJ Transit is a state-run corporation that began with the consolidation of several private bus companies in North Jersey. In the early 1980s, it acquired the commuter train operations of Conrail that connect towns in northern and central New Jersey to New York City . NJ Transit has eight lines that run throughout different parts of the state. Most of the trains start at various points in the state and most end at either Pennsylvania Station , in New York City , or Hoboken Terminal in Hoboken . NJ Transit began service between Atlantic City and Lindenwold in 1989 and extended it to Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , in the 1990s. This is the only mass transit line that is based entirely in South Jersey , and the only one that connects Philadelphia and Atlantic City.

NJ Transit also operates three light rail systems in the state. The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail connects Bayonne to North Bergen , with planned expansion into Bergen County communities. The Newark City Subway is the only subway system in the state. Its Main Line connects Newark Penn Station with Grove St. station in Bloomfield . The Broad Street Line of the subway, the first component of the Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link , is scheduled to open in the summer of 2006. The last of the three light rail lines is the River LINE which connects Trenton and Camden .

The PATH links North Jersey and New York City . The PATH operates four lines that connect various points of North Jersey and New York. The lines all start in either Hudson County or Essex County , New Jersey and end either at the World Trade Center station or at 33rd Street in Midtown Manhattan .

Amtrak also operates numerous long-distance passenger trains in New Jersey to and from neighboring states and around the country. In addition to the Newark Airport connection, other major Amtrak railway stations include Trenton Rail Station , Metropark , and the grand historic Newark Penn Station .

SEPTA also has two lines that operate into New Jersey. The R7 lines terminates at the Trenton Rail Station, and the R3 lines terminates at the West Trenton Rail Station in Ewing .

Some private bus carriers still remain in New Jersey. Most of these carriers operate with state funding to offset losses and state owned buses are provided to these carriers of which Coach USA companies make up the bulk. Other carriers include private charter and tour bus operators that take gamblers from other parts of New Jersey, New York City , Philadelphia , and Delaware to the casino resorts of Atlantic City .

 

Private bus carriers

Academy

Bergen Avenue IBOA

Broadway IBOA

Coach USA Properties including Red & Tan

DeCamp

Greyhound - provides interstate service

Lakeland Bus Lines

MARTZ - does not receive state funding or buses

Montgomery & West Side IBOA

Trans-Bridge Lines

 

 

Carriers providing contract service to NJ Transit

#22 Hillside Corp. & Academy Express (Academy)

Community Transportation (Coach USA)

Connex

PABCO Transit

Red & Tan (Coach USA)

 

 

Law and government

Further information: Governor of New Jersey , Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey , New Jersey Legislature , and 2006 New Jersey State Government Shutdown Jon Corzine ( Democrat ) is the governor . The Governor of New Jersey is considered one of the most powerful governors in the nation, as it is currently the only state-wide elected office in the state and appoints many government officials. Formerly, an acting governor was even more powerful as he simultaneously served as president of the senate, thus directing half of the legislative and all of the executive process. Richard Codey was the last to serve that way as the result of a constitutional amendment approved by the voters in 2005.

The governor's mansion is Drumthwacket , located in Princeton Township .

New Jersey is one of the few states that has no Lieutenant Governor . The first Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey will take office in January, 2010 and will be elected conjointly with the Governor of New Jersey . The position was created as the result of a Constitutional amendment to the New Jersey State Constitution passed by the voters on November 8 , 2005 and effective as of January 17 , 2006 .

Picture Of The Town Hall Of Colts Neck Township, New Jersey The current version of the New Jersey State Constitution was adopted in 1947. It provides for a bicameral Legislature consisting of a Senate of 40 members and an Assembly of 80 members. Each of the 40 legislative districts elects one Senator and two Assembly members. Assembly members are elected by the people for a two-year term in all odd-numbered years; Senators are elected in the years ending in 1, 3, and 7 and thus serve either four or two year terms. See for the constitution

The New Jersey Supreme Court [11] consists of a chief justice and six associate justices. All are appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of a majority of the membership of the state senate. Justices serve an initial seven-year term, after which they can be reappointed to serve until age 70.

On July 1 , 2006 , at 9:30 am, the government of New Jersey closed down amid a budget dispute between Governor Jon Corzine and Assembly Democrats over a rise in the state's sales tax from 6% to 7% in order to fill a budget gap. The closure immediately shut down most government services, including road construction and the state lottery, and caused a temporary layoff of 45,000 state employees. Governor Corzine announced that state parks, state-run beaches, and casinos in Atlantic City (regulated by the state government's New Jersey Casino Control Commission ) would close by the morning of July 5 , 2006 , if no budget agreement had passed by then, due to the lack of state monitors from NJCCC, which is required to be present at casinos by law. New Jersey law provides for essential services, such as state police and emergency services, to remain running regardless of the lack of a budget. However, all payments would be delayed until the annual appropriation bill was passed. [12] Finally, the Governor and lawmakers reached an agreement to end this government shutdown on July 6 , 2006 . This agreement includes a hike in New Jersey's current 6% sales tax to 7% which will generate 1.1 billion dollars in revenue; half of this $1.1 billion will be used to lower property taxes, which are among the highest in the nation. [13]

 

Counties

Further information: List of New Jersey counties New Jersey is broken up into 21 counties, most of which are vestiges of the colonial area, and the remaining were partitioned from existing counties in the 1800s. New Jersey is the only state in the nation where elected county officials are called " Freeholders ," governing each county as part of its own Board of Chosen Freeholders . The number of freeholders in each county is determined by referendum, and cannot exceed nine members.

Depending on the county, the executive and legislative functions may be performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders or split into separate branches of government. In some counties, members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders perform both legislative and executive functions on a commission basis, with each Freeholder assigned responsibility for a department or group of departments. In other counties ( Atlantic , Bergen , Essex , Hudson and Mercer ), there is a directly-elected County Executive who performs the executive functions while the Board of Chosen Freeholders retains a legislative and oversight role. In counties without an Executive, a County Administrator (or County Manager) may be hired to perform day-to-day administration of county functions.

 

Municipalities

New Jersey has 566 municipalities ; until recently, 567 ( Pahaquarry Township was absorbed by Hardwick Township in 1997). Unlike other states, all of its municipalities are incorporated entities with fixed boundaries, and no local government can simply absorb land from another.

 

Types of government

When the types of government were devised in the nineteenth century, the intention was that cities would be large built-up areas, with progressively smaller boroughs , towns , and villages ; the rural areas in between would be relatively large townships . This is still often true, although Shrewsbury Township has been divided over the years; today it is less than a square mile, consisting only of a single housing development. Some townships—notably Middletown , Brick , Hamilton , and Dover (which includes Toms River )—have, without changing their boundaries, become large stretches of suburbia , as populous as cities, often focused around shopping centers and highways rather than traditional downtowns and main streets.

As with Toms River , many locations in New Jersey are simply neighborhoods, with no exact boundaries; often the cluster of houses, the traditional neighborhood, the postal district, and the Census designated place will differ.

The Federal Government has often failed to understand that a New Jersey township is just another municipality, and some municipalities have changed forms to become the Township of the Borough of Verona or the Township of South Orange Village to receive more Federal aid.

 

Forms of government

New Jersey Local Government

Traditional forms of municipal government

 

Borough

Township

City

Town

Village

 

Modern forms of municipal government

 

Walsh Act/Commission

1923 Municipal Manager

Faulkner Act forms of municipal government

 

Mayor-Council

Council-Manager

Small Municipality

Mayor-Council-Administrator

The five types of municipality differ mostly in name. Originally, each type had its own form of government but more modern forms are available to any municipality, even though the original type is retained in its formal name. Only boroughs can have the "borough form" of government.

Starting in the 1900s, largely driven by reform-minded goals, a series of six modern forms of government was implemented. This began with the Walsh Act , enacted in 1911, which provided for a 3- or 5-member commission elected on a non-partisan basis. This was followed by the 1923 Municipal Manager Law , which offered a non-partisan council, provided for a weak mayor elected by and from the members of the council, and introduced Council-Manager government with an (ideally apolitical) appointed manager responsible for day-to-day administration of municipal affairs.

The Faulkner Act , originally enacted in 1950 and substantially amended in 1981, offers four basic plans: Mayor-Council , Council-Manager , Small Municipality , and Mayor-Council-Administrator . The act provides many choices for communities with a preference for a strong executive and professional management of municipal affairs and offers great flexibility in allowing municipalities to select the characteristics of its government: the number of seats on the Council; seats selected at-large, by wards, or through a combination of both; staggered or concurrent terms of office; and a mayor chosen by the Council or elected directly by voters. Most large municipalities and a majority of New Jersey's residents are governed by municipalities with Faulkner Act charters.

While municipalities retain their types of government, they may have changed to one of the modern forms of government, or further in the past to one of the other traditional forms, leading to municipalities with formal names quite baffling to the general public. For example, though there are four municipalities with the village type of government, Loch Arbour is the only one remaining with the village form of government. The three other villages— Ridgefield Park (now with a Walsh Act form), Ridgewood (now with a Faulkner Act Council-Manager charter), and most confusingly, South Orange (now the Township of South Orange Village) —have all migrated to other non-village forms.

 

Politics

Main article: Politics of New Jersey New Jersey was once a politically competitive state; the governorship alternated between the parties from the election of Richard J. Hughes in 1961 until Democrat Jon Corzine was elected to replace a Democrat in 2005; the legislature has also switched hands, and one house was evenly divided from 1999–2001. Three of the last five gubernatorial elections have been close. The Congressional seats have also been as evenly divided as thirteen seats can be. Currently; the Democrats hold the post of Governor, have majority control of both the houses of state legislature, have both Congressional Senate seats and also most positions in state delegation to House of Representatives.

In national elections, the state leans heavily towards the national Democratic Party . It was, however, a Republican stronghold for years in the past, having given comfortable margins of victory to the Republican candidate in the close elections of 1948 , 1968 , and 1976 . New Jersey was a crucial swing state in the elections of 1960 , 1968 , and 1992 . In national elections, the state has given large victories to Democrats since the 1990's. The last elected Republican to hold a Senate seat from New Jersey was Clifford P. Case in 1979. ( Nicholas F. Brady was appointed a U.S. Senator by Governor Thomas Kean in 1982 after Harrison A. Williams resigned the Senate seat following the Abscam investigations.)

The state's Democratic strongholds include Mercer County around Trenton and Princeton ; Essex County and Hudson County , the state's two most urban counties, around the state's two largest cities, Newark and Jersey City ; Camden County and most of the other urban communities just outside of Philadelphia and New York ; and more suburban northern counties in New York's orbit, such as Union County and Middlesex County .

The more suburban northwestern and southeastern counties of the state are reliably Republican: Republicans have backing along the coast in Ocean County and in the mountainous northwestern part of the state, especially Sussex County , Morris County , and Warren County . Somerset County and Hunterdon County , other suburban counties in the region, are also Republican in local elections but can be competitive in national races. In the 2004 General Election, Bush received about 51% in Somerset and 56% in Hunterdon, while up in rural Republican Sussex County, Bush won with 64% of the vote.

About half of the counties in New Jersey, however, are considered swing counties, but some go more one way than others. For an example, Bergen County , which leans Republican in the northern half of the county, is mostly Democratic in the more populated southern parts, causing it to usually vote slightly Democratic (same with Passaic County , with a highly populated Hispanic Democratic south and a rural, Republican north), other "swing" counties like Cape May County tend to go Republican, as they also have population in conservative areas.

Socially, New Jersey is considered one of the highly liberal and progressive states in the nation. Just like other North-east states, even conservatives and Republicans are moderate and 'walk in the middle of the road'. Polls indicate 2/3rds of the population are self-described as pro-choice and a majority support gay marriage . [14] [15]

 

Prominent cities and towns

See also: List of Municipalities in New Jersey (by population) Major cities (and their populations):

 

Large cities (100,000 or greater)

For its overall population and nation-leading density, New Jersey has a relative paucity of classic large cities. As of the United States 2000 Census , only four municipalities had populations in excess of 100,000. With the 2004 Census estimate, Woodbridge has surpassed Edison in population, as both joined the 100,000 club.

Newark : 273,546 (Census Estimate 2004: 280,451)

Jersey City : 240,055 (Census Estimate 2004: 239,079)

Paterson : 149,222 (Census Estimate 2004: 150,869)

Elizabeth : 120,568 (Census Estimate 2004: 124,724)

Edison 97,687 (Census Estimate 2004: 100,142)

Woodbridge Township : 97,203 (Census Estimate 2004: 100,775)

 

 

Towns and small cities (60,000 up to 100,000)

Dover Township : 89,706 (Census Estimate 2004: 94,320) - the Census 2000 total includes the population of Toms River , a census-designated place within Dover Township. Toms River had a 2000 census population of 86,327. Dover Township is not to be confused with the town of Dover , which is in Morris County.

Hamilton Township (Mercer County) : 87,109

Trenton : 85,403

Camden : 79,904

Clifton : 78,672

Brick Township : 76,119

Cherry Hill Township : 69,965

East Orange : 69,824

Passaic : 67,861

Union City : 67,088

Middletown Township : 66,327

Gloucester Township : 64,350

Bayonne : 61,842

Irvington : 60,695

Old Bridge Township 60,456

Lakewood Township 60,352

 

 

Other (less than 60,000)

The following communities are other notable places in New Jersey with under 60,000 people .

Asbury Park

Atlantic City

Cape May

East Brunswick

Egg Harbor Township

Englewood

Evesham Township

Ewing

Freehold Township

Fort Lee

Hackensack

Hackettstown

Haddonfield

Hillsborough

Hoboken

Holmdel

Jackson

Lambertville

Livingston

Long Branch

Maplewood

Montclair

Moorestown

Morristown

New Brunswick

The Oranges Orange

East Orange

South Orange

West Orange

 

 

Piscataway

Plainfield

Point Pleasant

Princeton Princeton Borough

Princeton Township

 

 

Red Bank

Ridgewood

Teaneck

Tenafly

Union

Wayne Township

Wildwood

Willingboro

 

 

Wealth of municipalities

Wealth of municipalities by per capita income :

See also: New Jersey locations by per capita income 1 Mantoloking, New Jersey $114,017
2 Saddle River, New Jersey $85,934
3 Far Hills, New Jersey $81,535
4 Essex Fells, New Jersey $77,434
5 Alpine, New Jersey $76,995
6 Millburn, New Jersey $76,796
7 Rumson, New Jersey $73,692
8 Harding Township, New Jersey $72,689
9 Teterboro, New Jersey $72,613
10 Bernardsville, New Jersey $69,854

 

693 Newark, New Jersey $13,009
694 Laurel Lake, New Jersey $12,965
695 Passaic, New Jersey $12,874
696 Seabrook Farms, New Jersey $12,499
697 McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey $12,364
698 New Hanover Township, New Jersey $12,140
699 Lakewood, New Jersey $11,802
700 Bridgeton, New Jersey $10,917
701 Fort Dix, New Jersey $10,543
702 Camden, New Jersey $9,815

 

 

Education

Although some problems exist in certain inner city neighborhoods, New Jersey overall is considered to have one of the best public education systems in the United States. 54% of high school graduates continue on to college or university, which is tied with Massachusetts for the second highest rate in the nation ( North Dakota holds first place at 59%). New Jersey also has the highest average scores for advanced placement testing in public schools in the nation. Secretary of Education Rick Rosenberg, appointed by Governor Jon Corzine , has created the Education Advancement Initiative (EAI) to increase College admission rates by 10% for New Jersey's High School students, decrease drop out rates by 15%, and increase the amount of money devoted to schools by 10%. Rosenberg was since forced to retract this plan when publicly criticized for taking the money out of healthcare to fund this initiative.

New Jersey is home to more scientists and engineers than any other state. [1]

 

Colleges and universities

Assumption College for Sisters , Mendham

Berkeley College , various campuses

Bloomfield College , Bloomfield

Caldwell College , Caldwell

Centenary College , Hackettstown

The College of New Jersey , Ewing Township

College of Saint Elizabeth , Morristown - Florham Park

DeVry University , North Brunswick

Drew University , Madison

Fairleigh Dickinson University , Florham Park - Madison & Teaneck - Hackensack campuses

Felician College , Rutherford & Lodi campuses

Georgian Court University , Lakewood

Kean University , Union - Elizabeth

Monmouth University , West Long Branch

Montclair State University , Montclair

New Jersey City University , Jersey City

New Jersey Institute of Technology , Newark

Princeton University , Princeton

Rabbinical College of America , Morristown, New Jersey

Ramapo College , Mahwah

Richard Stockton College of New Jersey , Pomona, New Jersey

Rider University , Lawrenceville

 

 

Rowan University , Glassboro Rowan University, Camden Campus

 

 

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Rutgers, New Brunswick/Piscataway Campus

Rutgers, Camden Campus

Rutgers, Newark Campus

 

 

Saint Peter's College , Jersey City

Seton Hall University , South Orange Seton Hall University School of Law , Newark

 

 

Stevens Institute of Technology , Hoboken

Thomas Edison State College , Trenton

University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Newark , Piscataway , & Stratford campuses

New Jersey Medical School, Newark

New Jersey Dental School, Newark

Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick , Piscataway , & Camden campuses

School of Health Related Professions, Newark , Piscataway , Scotch Plains , & Stratford campuses

School of Nursing, Newark , Piscataway , Stratford , Mahwah , Glassboro , & Edison campuses

School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford

School of Public Health, Newark , New Brunswick / Piscataway , Stratford / Camden campuses

 

 

William Paterson University , Wayne

 

 

In addition to the above institutions, there are 19 county colleges , serving the 21 counties in the state.

Atlantic Cape Community College , Mays Landing

Bergen Community College , Paramus

Brookdale Community College , Lincroft - the community college of Monmouth County

Burlington County College , Pemberton

Camden County College , Blackwood , Camden and Cherry Hill

County College of Morris , Randolph

Cumberland County College , Vineland

Essex County College , Newark & West Caldwell campuses

Gloucester County College , Sewell

Hudson County Community College , Jersey City

Mercer County Community College , West Windsor

Middlesex County College , Edison

Ocean County College , Toms River

Passaic County Community College , Paterson - Wanaque - Wayne

Raritan Valley Community College , North Branch

Salem Community College , Carneys Point

Sussex County Community College , Newton

Union County College , Cranford , Elizabeth , and Plainfield

Warren County Community College , Washington

 

 

Professional sports teams

New Jersey currently has four major professional sports league teams playing in the state, although the Major League Soccer team and two National Football League teams identify as being from New York. It is currently the most populous state without a team in each of the major leagues, although this is largely due to the close proximity of New York City and Philadelphia. It is also the most populous state without a Major League Baseball team, though most residents support the New York Yankees , New York Mets , or Philadelphia Phillies .

National Hockey League New Jersey Devils

 

 

National Basketball Association New Jersey Nets

 

 

Major League Soccer Red Bull New York

possible 2009 expansion team in Glassboro, New Jersey

 

 

Major League Lacrosse New Jersey Pride

Bergen River Dogs

 

 

National Football League New York Giants

New York Jets

 

 

American Basketball Association Newark Express

 

 

Great Lakes Indoor Football League New York/New Jersey Revolution

 

 

 

 

Minor League Baseball teams Atlantic City Surf

Bergen Cliff Hawks (planned, expected to play at Meadowlands Xanadu )

Camden Riversharks

Lakewood BlueClaws

New Jersey Jackals ( Montclair )

Newark Bears

Somerset Patriots ( Bridgewater )

Sussex Skyhawks ( Augusta )

Trenton Thunder

 

 

Minor League Hockey team Trenton Titans

 

 

 

 

The state's four major professional sports teams play at the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford . The Devils and Nets play in Continental Airlines Arena , and the Giants and Jets play in Giants Stadium . The Meadowlands and its sports venues are widely considered to be outdated by today's professional sports standards. This led to the Devils announcement that they will be leaving the Meadowlands upon the completion of their new arena in Newark in 2007. The Nets also have plans to leave the Meadowlands for Brooklyn as soon as a new arena for them is completed. The Giants and Jets though announced in 2005 that they will be staying in the Meadowlands, and a new stadium for both teams should be ready by the 2010 season. The new stadium is part of the Xanadu Project taking shape at the sports complex. The Xanadu Project, when completed in 2007, will be the largest retail and entertainment complex in New Jersey.

The sports complex is also home to the Meadowlands Racetrack one of three major horse racing tracks in the state. The Meadowlands Racetrack along with Freehold Raceway in Freehold are two of the major harness racing tracks in North America . Monmouth Park Racetrack in Oceanport , is also a popular spot for thoroughbred racing in New Jersey and the northeast. It will host the Breeders Cup in 2007, and its turf course was recently renovated in preparation.

 

Miscellaneous topics

The USS New Jersey , one of the most decorated vessels in the United States Navy , was named in honor of this state and is now a tourist attraction in Camden .

The official nickname is the "Garden State."

New Jersey is the birthplace of many modern inventions such as: FM radio , the motion picture camera, the lithium battery , the light bulb , transistors , and the electric train. Other New Jersey creations include: the drive-in movie, the cultivated blueberry , cranberry sauce, the postcard, the boardwalk , the zipper, the phonograph , saltwater taffy , the dirigible [2] , the first use of a submarine in warfare, and the ice cream cone.

The first officially recorded baseball game in history was played at the Elysian Fields, Hoboken, New Jersey , with the New York Base Ball Club defeating the New York Knickerbockers with a score of 23-1. Alexander Cartwright formalized the rules and umpired .

The properties in the United States version of the board game Monopoly are named after the streets of Atlantic City .

The four-mile long Boardwalk in Atlantic City was the world's first boardwalk and is still its largest.

The Lindbergh kidnapping drama unfolded in New Jersey in 1932.

New Jersey was the national pioneer of Megan's Law sex offender registries, following the 1994 rape and murder of Megan Kanka .

New Jersey has more horses per square mile than any other state. The United States Equestrian Team now is headquartered in Gladstone after being founded in Morristown .

The book Jaws by Peter Benchley , which inspired the classic film of the same name, was based on a series of actual shark attacks during the summer of 1916 that took place in Matawan and elsewhere off the Jersey Shore .

New Jersey is home to the second largest waterfall east of the Mississippi River : the Great Passaic Falls in Paterson . Only Niagara Falls is larger. A diner in Freehold

Diners are common in New Jersey. The state is home to many diner manufacturers and has more diners than any other state: over 600. Due to the state's small size, New Jersey has more diners per square mile than any other state in America and World. [ citation needed ]

Ben Shahn settled in Roosevelt, New Jersey , and did most of his work there.

Sculptor Jim Gary grew up in Colts Neck Township where he also opened his gallery, Iron Butterfly , before moving it to Red Bank . Jim Gary was the only living sculptor ever invited to have a solo show at the Smithsonian Institution 's National Museum of Natural History .

New Jersey is one of only two states (along with Oregon ) where self-service filling of gasoline is prohibited.

 

 

State symbols

The Garden State

State animal

Horse
( Equus caballus )

State bird

Eastern Goldfinch

State freshwater fish

Brook Trout
( Salvelinus fontinalis )

State Dance

Square Dance

State insect

Honey Bee
( Apis mellifera )

State flower

Common Meadow Violet ( Viola sororia )

State motto

" Liberty and prosperity "

State song

" I'm From New Jersey "

State tree

Northern Red Oak
( Quercus borealis maxima )
(syn. Quercus rubra )

State dinosaur

Hadrosaurus foulkii

State soil

Downer

State color

Buff and Jersey Blue

State ship

A.J. Meerwald

State fruit

Highbush Blueberry
( Vaccinium corymbosum )

State vegetable

Tomato
( Solanum lycopersicum )

State shell

Knobbed whelk
( Busycon carica gmelin )

State number

3

State memorial tree

Dogwood
( Cornus Florida )

State Slogan

Come see for yourself

 

Music

Main article: Music of New Jersey New Jersey has long been an important area for both rock and rap music. Some prominent musicians from or with significant connections to New Jersey are:

Frank Sinatra , the only child of working-class Italian-American immigrants, was born December 12 , 1915 in a tenement at 415 Monroe St. in Hoboken . He sang with a neighborhood vocal group, the Hoboken Four, and appeared in neighborhood theater amateur shows before he became an entertainment legend as an Academy Award winning actor and one of the most famous male vocalists of all time. Some of his greatest hits include "Strangers In The Night," "My Way," "Luck Be A Lady," and "New York, New York."

Four of five band members of rock group My Chemical Romance hail from New Jersey. The band frequently speak about their home state, and guitarist Frank Iero can be seen on occasion wearing a guitar strap with the letter NJ encircled in a heart.

Bruce Springsteen , who has sung of New Jersey life on most of his albums, hails from Freehold and is the most popular rock musician to ever come out of the state. Some of his songs that represent New Jersey life are "Born To Run", "Spirit In The Night", "Rosalita (Come Out Tonight)", "Thunder Road", "Atlantic City", and "Jungleland".

Jon Bon Jovi , who hails from Sayreville , reached fame in the 1980's with hard rock outfit Bon Jovi . The band has also written many songs about life in New Jersey including "Livin' On A Prayer" and even named one of his albums after the state (see New Jersey )

Dionne Warwick was born in East Orange and has had a long career, including nearly 60 charted hits, from "Do You Know The Way to San Jose?" (winning the first of her five Grammys ), "Alfie," "I'll Never Fall In Love Again," and "That's What Friends Are For." She is a cousin of Whitney Houston.

Whitney Houston was born in the city of Newark but grew up in neighboring East Orange . She had a successful solo career in the 1980's and 1990's and is best known for her cover of Dolly Parton 's " I Will Always Love You ", which set new records for sales and weeks at number one. Houston has sold well over 180 million records internationally. Her mother is Cissy Houston , winner of two Grammys in her own right.

Legendary jazz pianist and bandleader Count Basie , was born in Red Bank in 1904. In the 1960s, he collaborated on several albums with fellow New Jersey native Frank Sinatra . There is a theater in Red Bank named in his honor.

Asbury Park is home of The Stone Pony , where Bruce Springsteen and Bon Jovi frequented early in their careers and is still considered by many to be a "Mecca" for up-and-coming Jersey Shore musicians.

Former Fugee Lauryn Hill is a South Orange resident and is hip-hop's best-selling solo female artist. Her 1998 debut album, The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill , sold 10 million copies internationally.

Irvington 's Queen Latifah was the first female rapper to succeed in music, film, and television.

All members of The Sugarhill Gang were born in Englewood . The group wrote the single Rapper's Delight which many credit as the first hip hop single. The terms rap and rapper are originated from this song.

Princeton record exchange , the Northeast's largest independent record store, was founded in 1980 and is located in Princeton, New Jersey . They have been featured in the New York Times and in Billboard Magazine , and have been praised by LCD Soundsystem in Wired Magazine . On a note of trivia, they have employed Micky of Ween before the band's rise to fame.

The Broadway musical Jersey Boys is based on the lives of the members of the Four Seasons , three of whose members were born in New Jersey ( Tommy DeVito , Frankie Valli , and Nick Massi )

 

 

Television and film

Kevin Smith as Silent Bob, Jason Mewes as Jay Motion picture technology was invented in New Jersey, by Thomas Edison. The early work was done at his West Orange laboratory. His "Black Maria" was the first motion picture studio.

More recent motion pictures and televisions shows also have been set in New Jersey. The popular television drama The Sopranos depicts the life of a New Jersey organized crime family and is filmed on location at various places throughout the state. " The Family Man ," starring Nicholas Cage was filmed in Teaneck in 2000. The 1979 film The Amityville Horror was filmed in Toms River .

Daddy Warbucks' mansion from the movie "Annie" was built in 1929 by Hubert Parson, the president of F.W. Woolworth. He called it Shadow Lawn. Now it is Woodrow Wilson Hall, owned by Monmouth University at West Long Branch, NJ.

Although not credited, at least one scene from The Godfather ( 1972 ) was filmed in New Jersey. The scene with Clemenza's famous line, "Leave the gun. Take the cannolis," was filmed in the marsh along the Hudson River in Jersey City , just west of the Statue of Liberty , in what is now Liberty State Park .

The 2004 Sundance Film Festival favorite Garden State (starring Zach Braff and Natalie Portman ) was shot on location in Morris Township around Morristown .

The popular animated series Aqua Teen Hunger Force and Megas XLR take place primarily in New Jersey.

Director Kevin Smith 's movies have a recurring set of characters (most famously Jay and Silent Bob ) and nearly all of them come from New Jersey (primarily the "tri-town" area of Atlantic Highlands , Leonardo , and Red Bank ). The state appears in all of Smith's films, and his first three films, Clerks. , Mallrats and Chasing Amy , were dubbed the "New Jersey Trilogy". Smith's first movie, Clerks. also had a short-lived animated series spin-off by the same name. It took place in the same locations as the movie. Smith's subsequent efforts, Dogma , Jersey Girl , Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back , and Clerks II all had scenes taking place in various New Jersey locales.

2001 's A Beautiful Mind had several scenes shot at both Princeton University and Fairleigh Dickinson University (Madison campus). The movie is a biopic of the mathematician John Nash , who currently lives in Princeton, New Jersey.

The 1994 film I.Q. , about Albert Einstein's attempt to play matchmaker for his niece, was filmed in Princeton, Lawrenceville, Cranbury, and Rocky Hill.

Brian Keith, Sandra Dee, and Frank Langella were all born in Bayonne.

New York Yankee shortstop Derek Jeter was born in Pequannock.

Florida Marlins pitcher Joe Borowski was born in Bayonne, and was the pitcher who gave up Derek Jeter's first career grand slam when he was a relief pitcher for the Chicago Cubs in 2005.

Actor Jack Nicholson grew up on the Jersey shore, and went to Manasquan High School in Monmouth County. The school's auditorium is named after him.

The 2004 stoner film Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle took place in New Jersey. Several locations seen in the movie include Princeton University , Newark , New Brunswick , and a fictional White Castle in Cherry Hill .

The 1993 film Coneheads was set and filmed in Paramus .

Although supposedly set in New York , the 2003 movie School of Rock was filmed primarily in Edison and Mahwah , perhaps due to the significance these towns have on rock music.

The 1988 comedy film Big starring Tom Hanks , Elizabeth Perkins , Robert Loggia , Jon Lovitz , and Mercedes Ruehl was filmed in Bergen County, New Jersey , specifically in Cliffside Park .

The 1983 cult classic Eddie and the Cruisers was filmed mostly in Somers Point and Ocean City .

Goodfellas , the 1990 Martin Scorsese film about the mob, had some scenes filmed on location in Fort Lee .

Although dealing Newark's notorious car thieves, the 1995 film New Jersey Drive [3] was shot in East Orange and Elizabeth, as well as Brooklyn and Queens, New York.

The movie War of the Worlds was filmed in many locations in New Jersey, including Bayonne , Howell Township and Newark . The infamous radio show broadcast starring Orson Welles , The War of the Worlds was set in Grover's Mill (a section of West Windsor Township ) and other locations around New Jersey.

The Ron Howard film Cinderella Man and the Elia Kazan film On the Waterfront both take place in the old Hudson County docks. The cover of Joe Piscopo's comedy album

The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension ( 1984 ) was set in New Brunswick, and includes a scene set in "Greasy Tony's"—a real Rutgers-area eatery.

Actor and comedian Joe Piscopo was born in Passaic . In 1985, he released a comedy album entitled "New Jersey." The cover art parodied the common (and erroneous) perception of New Jersey as nothing but freeways and factories. The following year he starred in an HBO comedy special entitled The Joe Piscopo New Jersey Special . In 2004, Piscopo announced that he was considering a run for the governor's office. [16]

Bruce Willis grew up in Penns Grove and graduated from Penns Grove High School. He returns to the borough occasionally to visit family.

Tom Cruise went to high school and lived his teen years in Glen Ridge and briefly attended elementary school at Packanack School in the Packanack Lake section of Wayne .

Susan Sarandon went to Edison High School in Edison

Danny Devito was born in Neptune , went to school in Summit , and now lives in Manalapan

The medical drama House is set in New Jersey and takes place at the fictional Princeton Plainsboro Teaching Hospital. Overhead images of the building are actually the Frist Campus Center at Princeton University.

In his comedy special What Am I Doing in New Jersey? , George Carlin comments that he believes New Jersey deserves the title "Toll Booth Capital of the United States of America." He also suggests changing the state nickname from "The Garden State" to "The Toll Booth State."

The NBC show Ed was based in the fictional town of Stuckeyville, Ohio, but filmed in various locations in New Jersey. Stuckeybowl, one of the main settings of the show and where they also had numerous sets, was located in Northvale, New Jersey before it was demolished in 2006.

The Adventures of Pete & Pete , set in the fictional town of Wellesville in an unnamed state, was filmed in New Jersey. Originally, the school scenes were shot in Bayonne and the neighborhood scenes in South Orange , and Leonia . For the third season, production took place in Cranford . The occasional New Jersey Transit Bus or other such object in a shot would occasionally give this fact away.

 

 

Legends and ghosts

Illustration of the Jersey Devil, drawn from a description by Nelson Evans in the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin , 1909 A long-circulated legend says a creature, the Jersey Devil or the Leeds Devil, terrorizes the population of the Pine Barrens . The New Jersey Devils are named for this mythical creature. New Jersey is also home to several other legends, such as the ghost of Annie's Road in Totowa ; Albino Village in Clifton ; the supposed Ku Klux Klan hotbed Whippoorwill Valley Road in Middletown ; the haunted and demon-possessed Clinton Road in West Milford ; and the Witch of Igoe Road in Marlboro . There is also the popular attraction of the Atco Ghost —the ghost of a little boy runs across the street late at night chasing a basketball on Burnt Mill Road in Atco . It is also rumored that Jimmy Hoffa , the late leader of the Teamsters Union, is buried beneath Giants Stadium or the New Jersey Turnpike . However, on the popular television show Mythbusters , the myth of Jimmy Hoffa being buried under Giants Stadium was debunked using ground penetrating radar .

Camp NoBeBoSco in Blairstown was the location of the original Friday the 13th movie (some believe the series of films to be set in New Jersey, although this is never confirmed onscreen), which was partially based on real murders that have occurred near the campground, in the state's rural northwest. Such horror stories were the inspiration behind the now nationally famous Weird NJ magazine and website.

 

References

^ Klinghoffer and Elkis ("The Petticoat Electors: Women's Suffrage in New Jersey, 1776–1807." Journal of the Early Republic 12, no. 2 (1992): 159–193.)

^ Gerdes, Louise I. The 1930s, Greenhaven Press, Inc., 2000.

^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-_box_head_nbr=GCT-P14&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U&-format=US-9

^ The Foreign Born from India in the United States , dated December 1 , 2003

^ Race/ethnicity citation with state percentages ( Adobe PDF )

^ Diversity index citation with state percentages ( Microsoft Excel )

^ Ancestry citation with state percentages (Adobe PDF)

^ http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/metro-city/99mfips.txt

^ Bureau of Economic Analysis

^ Bureau of Economic Analysis

^ Supreme Court of New Jersey

^ http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/07/01/nj.budget.ap/index.html

^ New Jersey Reaches Budget Deal After Six-Day Shutdown

^ SurveyUSA Pro-Life vs. Pro Choice Sorted by State

^ Garden State Equalty Poll Results from surveys done April 12 - April 14 , 2005

^ http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/08/20/joe.piscopo/

 

 

See also

List of New Jersey-related topics

List of people from New Jersey

Ancestry citation with county maps (Adobe PDF)

Specific ancestry maps by county, place, and census tract

Scouting in New Jersey

 

 

 

 

New Jersey Portal

New Jersey





Official New Jersey state web site

Official New Jersey state tourism site

A list of official and unofficial NJ county and municipal web sites

Descriptions of NJ forms of government (e.g., township, borough, etc.) from NJ State League of Municipalities

New Jersey Employment Data

US Census Bureau

Abandoned and Historic Mines of New Jersey

New Jersey State Facts

Upstage Magazine - New Jersey arts & entertainment news

AsburyMusic.com - Asbury Park's Online Music Community

NJ.com , portal site for the Star-Ledger , Asbury Park Press , and Trenton Times

 

State of New Jersey Capital Trenton

Regions Central Jersey | Delaware Valley | Jersey Shore | Meadowlands | North Jersey | Pine Barrens | South Jersey | New York metro area | Tri-State Region

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FULL CARE HORSE BOARDING:
  • freshly crimped oats twice/day
  • coastal hay
  • daily stall cleaning with clean wood shavings
  • daily turnouts (weather permitting)
  • free trailer parking
  • lighted indoor riding arena
  • outdoor round pen
  • 4-horse walker
OPTIONAL HORSE BOARDING SERVICES:
  • winter blanketing
  • stall fan
  • heat lamp
  • additional oats and/or hay
  • feed supplements
  • additional shavings
  • administration of medicine, (nonintravenous)
  • private paddocks
  • evening turnout

Liberty Farm, LLC
Beautiful 21 Stall Facility catering to Hunters, Jumpers, Equitation, Training and Sale horses. 12x12 Stalls attached to Indoor with rubber & fiber footing. 100X200 outdoor arena, heated viewing and tack room. 2 Wash Stalls. All weather turnouts. We specialize in Quality Care for Horse and Rider. Staff lives on Property. Great group of dedicated horse people. Highly Trained Staff. Catering to ALL levels of riding! Come visit or send us an email for more details!

This horse farm operation services: Bridgewater, New Jersey

Dreams Come True Farm
A top quality horse boarding, training, and lay-up facility providing quality services at the most reasonable rates in the area. We provide boarding, lessons, consignment sales, and other related services to our clients and barn features an attached indoor arena, 12X12 minimum size stalls, and full amenities. Stalls for board and training spots currently available. Contact us for a tour today.

This horse farm operation services: Flemington, New Jersey

ARABIAN PINES FARM
bRAND NEW STATE OF THE ART FACILITY 10 STALL BARN, RIDING ARENA, TRAINING AND LESSONS.DAILY TURNOUT. CALL KEVIN OR SUE AT 973-668-5311

This horse farm operation services: Randolph, New Jersey

Christmas Eve Farm
Indoor stalls and paddocks available for rent in Cream Ridge area/Upper Freehold, NJ. Quiet and private surrounded by huge nursery. Rough or full board. Owner on premises. Modern barn has 4 stalls, center aisle, tack and feed rooms. Paddocks included with stall rental and have run-in sheds. Electric and water at barn. Available singley, or entire barn for rent (all 4 stalls). Reasonable rates. E-mail Joe @ whodunit29@optonline.net.

This services: Freehold, New Jersey

Whiskey Lane Farm
Georgeous boarding and training facility for dressage, eventing and showjumping. Olympic size new 225x110 Indoor arena, 100x200 rubber outdoor jumping arena, 20x40m regulation size small dressage arena. Over 20 acres of lush grass turnouts divided into 13 paddocks, some with large turnout sheds. Full day/night individual or paired turnout. Top care, full training, lesson programs. Shows and clinics.

Ponderosa Horse Farm
Horse boarding available in Colts Neck, NJ. Full, pasture, lay-up boarding services offering individual care for your horse. Outdoor riding ring and easy access to trails.

This horse farm operation services: Freehold, New Jersey

Shepherd's Acres
Boarding in Hillsborough, NJ $450/month Private 14 stall barn has 12 X 12 box stalls available, each with its own window & light. Horses are turned out 24/7, weather permitting. Large outdoor arena w/lights for nite riding. Indoor wash stall w/hot & cold water, tack room & loft for extra storage & trailer parking. Specialized feeding program & quality hay. We also have miles of open riding space & access to the Amwell Valley Trails, which our boarders will be happy to show you.

This horse farm operation services: Flemington, New Jersey

Old York Stables
70 acre horse farm with large plush green pastures, outdoor sand riding ring, round pen, newly constructed 20 stall barn, 10 acres wooded with trails being made for your riding pleasure. We offer full or field horse boarding, English and Western riding lessons, monthly horse leasing, horse transportation. We strive in keeping our boarders horses in a safe and stress free environment. Located in Bordentown Twp., Burlington County, NJ just minutes from PA (exit 7 NJ TPK)

This horse farm operation services: Mount Holly, New Jersey

Evergreen Valley Stables
Quality, full board in Sussex County, NJ. 5 mins from Rt. 206 and 20 mins from Rt. 80. Facility has outdoor riding arena with outdoor lighting, indoor and outdoor stalls available. Acres of grass outdoor pasture. Pls. call barn owner, 973-948-0338 for details. You may visit our web site at www.evergreenvalleystables.com for pricing.

This services: Newton, New Jersey

Fox Ridge Farm
Located in Vernon, NJ, just a few minutes over the Warwick, NY border, & 1 hour from NYC, Fox Ridge Farm is a clean, safe, modern facility & offers an indoor ring with rubber footing, a lighted outdoor sand ring, a lighted 60' round pen w/ rubber footing, trails, 12 X 14 matted stalls, daily all-day turnout in large fields with all wood fencing, heated full kitchen & bath. Quality hay & grain fed 2 x's a day. Friendly, family atmosphere & the best rates around, board $445. - $495 per month.

Carousel Farms LLC
Specializing in Arabian horses but all breeds welcome. Boarding, training, lessons and sales. Horses for lease,lessons available. Beautiful facility with top notch instruction and staff. English,Western, Dressage,Halter and Driving. Full board ONLY with large rubber matted stalls, automatic waterers, wash stalls, indoor and outdoor rings, heated lounge with bathrooms and heated tack room. Legal size dressage ring. Owners live on premises.